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XML to ARRAY using PHP

Posted on 2014-03-19
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Last Modified: 2014-03-23
Hello I have script that returns XML...I tried to covert it into an array. It works mostly, but when I try to loop part of the array since the array can have multiple items it seems as though the array is broken up in to 4 parts...

So here is what I have..When I do a var_dump on the original data sent back I get this

object(SimpleXMLElement)#27 (3) {
  ["@attributes"]=>
  array(3) {
    ["timestamp"]=>
    string(25) "2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00"
    ["payloadID"]=>
    string(81) "2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00.WC@vOmAl/S8yzyHUc6egkAxb8Xi0co= .9123001443@42374153835"
    ["version"]=>
    string(7) "1.2.008"
  }
  ["Header"]=>
  object(SimpleXMLElement)#36 (3) {
    ["From"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#38 (1) {
      ["Credential"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#41 (2) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["domain"]=>
          string(4) "DUNS"
        }
        ["Identity"]=>
        string(9) "079928354"
      }
    }
    ["To"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#39 (1) {
      ["Credential"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#41 (2) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["domain"]=>
          string(9) "NetworkID"
        }
        ["Identity"]=>
        string(7) "DICERNA"
      }
    }
    ["Sender"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#40 (2) {
      ["Credential"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#41 (2) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["domain"]=>
          string(9) "NetworkID"
        }
        ["Identity"]=>
        string(10) "BELLWETHER"
      }
      ["UserAgent"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#42 (0) {
      }
    }
  }
  ["Message"]=>
  object(SimpleXMLElement)#37 (1) {
    ["PunchOutOrderMessage"]=>
    object(SimpleXMLElement)#40 (3) {
      ["BuyerCookie"]=>
      string(28) "Tue05thNov2013122808WendyCyr"
      ["PunchOutOrderMessageHeader"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#39 (4) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["operationAllowed"]=>
          string(4) "edit"
        }
        ["Total"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#42 (1) {
          ["Money"]=>
          string(6) "353.09"
        }
        ["Shipping"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#41 (2) {
          ["Money"]=>
          string(5) "47.09"
          ["Description"]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#44 (1) {
            ["ShortName"]=>
            string(41) "Shipping Method Is Indicated by Line Item"
          }
        }
        ["Tax"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#43 (2) {
          ["Money"]=>
          string(1) "0"
          ["Description"]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#44 (0) {
          }
        }
      }
      ["ItemIn"]=>
      object(SimpleXMLElement)#38 (4) {
        ["@attributes"]=>
        array(1) {
          ["quantity"]=>
          string(1) "3"
        }
        ["ItemID"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#43 (2) {
          ["SupplierPartID"]=>
          string(11) "D4545-250UN"
          ["SupplierPartAuxiliaryID"]=>
          string(15) "CartId`68533508"
        }
        ["ItemDetail"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#41 (7) {
          ["UnitPrice"]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#44 (1) {
            ["Money"]=>
            string(6) "102.00"
          }
          ["Description"]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#45 (1) {
            ["ShortName"]=>
            string(40) "TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &"
          }
          ["UnitOfMeasure"]=>
          string(2) "EA"
          ["Classification"]=>
          string(8) "12352200"
          ["ManufacturerPartID"]=>
          string(5) "D4545"
          ["ManufacturerName"]=>
          string(5) "SIGMA"
          ["Extrinsic"]=>
          array(17) {
            [0]=>
            string(10) "0009012902"
            [1]=>
            string(10) "0009012902"
            [2]=>
            string(6) "102.00"
            [3]=>
            string(3) "USD"
            [4]=>
            string(1) "C"
            [5]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#46 (1) {
              ["@attributes"]=>
              array(1) {
                ["name"]=>
                string(20) "HazardRegulationCode"
              }
            }
            [6]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#47 (1) {
              ["@attributes"]=>
              array(1) {
                ["name"]=>
                string(6) "CATAPP"
              }
            }
            [7]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#48 (1) {
              ["@attributes"]=>
              array(1) {
                ["name"]=>
                string(20) "ShippingInstructions"
              }
            }
            [8]=>
            string(1) "2"
            [9]=>
            string(1) "2"
            [10]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#49 (1) {
              ["@attributes"]=>
              array(1) {
                ["name"]=>
                string(18) "rd_purchasinggroup"
              }
            }
            [11]=>
            string(8) "12352200"
            [12]=>
            string(1) "1"
            [13]=>
            string(36) "3 In Stock from SAINT LOUIS 03/19/14"
            [14]=>
            string(1) "3"
            [15]=>
            object(SimpleXMLElement)#50 (1) {
              ["@attributes"]=>
              array(1) {
                ["name"]=>
                string(10) "QtyPending"
              }
            }
            [16]=>
            string(68) "http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search/ProductDetail/SIGMA/D4545"
          }
        }
        ["Shipping"]=>
        object(SimpleXMLElement)#42 (2) {
          ["Money"]=>
          string(1) "0"
          ["Description"]=>
          object(SimpleXMLElement)#50 (1) {
            ["ShortName"]=>
            string(15) "FEDEX OVERNIGHT"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

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After I get this code I convert it to an array using

$array = json_decode(json_encode((array) $xml), 1);
$array = array($xml->getName() => $array);

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I can then pull out each variable...But the problem lines when I get to

foreach($array['cXML']['Message']['PunchOutOrderMessage']['ItemIn']  as $item)
{
}

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if I do a print_r($item); inside the loop it returns 4 separate arrays..Any ideas why it is not one array and how I can fix this?

Thanks!
0
Comment
Question by:bradley525
  • 7
  • 4
11 Comments
 
LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39940922
Please post the original XML document.  You can obscure passwords or any private information like that, but I would need the structure (and tag names) to be intact.  I'll show you how to parse it.  Thanks, ~Ray
0
 

Author Comment

by:bradley525
ID: 39940936
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><!DOCTYPE cXML SYSTEM "http://xml.cXML.org/schemas/cXML/1.2.008/cXML.dtd"><cXML xml:lang="en-US" timestamp="2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00" payloadID="2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00.WC@vOmAl/S8yzyHUc6egkAxb8Xi0co= .9123001443@42374153835" version="1.2.008"><Header><From><Credential domain="DUNS"><Identity>079928354</Identity></Credential></From><To><Credential domain="NetworkID"><Identity>DICERNA</Identity></Credential></To><Sender><Credential domain="NetworkID"><Identity>BELLWETHER</Identity></Credential><UserAgent/></Sender></Header><Message><PunchOutOrderMessage><BuyerCookie>Tue05thNov2013122808WendyCyr</BuyerCookie><PunchOutOrderMessageHeader operationAllowed="edit"><Total><Money currency="USD">353.09</Money></Total><Shipping><Money currency="USD">47.09</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>Shipping Method Is Indicated by Line Item</ShortName></Description></Shipping><Tax><Money currency="USD">0</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"/></Tax></PunchOutOrderMessageHeader><ItemIn quantity="3"><ItemID><SupplierPartID>D4545-250UN</SupplierPartID><SupplierPartAuxiliaryID>CartId`68533508</SupplierPartAuxiliaryID></ItemID><ItemDetail><UnitPrice><Money currency="USD">102.00</Money></UnitPrice><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &amp;</ShortName>TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &amp;</Description><UnitOfMeasure>EA</UnitOfMeasure><Classification domain="UNSPSC">12352200</Classification><ManufacturerPartID>D4545</ManufacturerPartID><ManufacturerName>SIGMA</ManufacturerName><Extrinsic name="CAS Number">0009012902</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="ZChCas">0009012902</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="MarketPrice">102.00</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="MarketPriceCurrency">USD</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="HazardClass">C</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="HazardRegulationCode"/><Extrinsic name="CATAPP"/><Extrinsic name="ShippingInstructions"/><Extrinsic name="LeadTime">2</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="StandardLeadTime">2</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="rd_purchasinggroup"/><Extrinsic name="CommCode">12352200</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="PkgQuantity">1</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="availabilityPhrase">3 In Stock from SAINT LOUIS 03/19/14</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="QtyAvailable">3</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="QtyPending"/><Extrinsic name="Product Information Page URL">http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search/ProductDetail/SIGMA/D4545</Extrinsic></ItemDetail><Shipping><Money currency="USD">0</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>FEDEX OVERNIGHT</ShortName></Description></Shipping></ItemIn></PunchOutOrderMessage></Message></cXML>

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LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39940940
Thanks, back in a moment....
0
 
LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39940969
Hmm... It does not quite look that way to me.  Have a look at this:
http://iconoun.com/demo/temp_bradley525.php

<?php // demo/bradley525.php
error_reporting(E_ALL);
echo '<pre>';

// SEE: http://www.experts-exchange.com/Web_Development/Web_Languages-Standards/PHP/Q_28392665.html

// TEST DATA FROM THE POST AT EE SHOWN IN HEREDOC NOTATION
$xml = <<<ENDXML
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><!DOCTYPE cXML SYSTEM "http://xml.cXML.org/schemas/cXML/1.2.008/cXML.dtd"><cXML xml:lang="en-US" timestamp="2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00" payloadID="2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00.WC@vOmAl/S8yzyHUc6egkAxb8Xi0co= .9123001443@42374153835" version="1.2.008"><Header><From><Credential domain="DUNS"><Identity>079928354</Identity></Credential></From><To><Credential domain="NetworkID"><Identity>DICERNA</Identity></Credential></To><Sender><Credential domain="NetworkID"><Identity>BELLWETHER</Identity></Credential><UserAgent/></Sender></Header><Message><PunchOutOrderMessage><BuyerCookie>Tue05thNov2013122808WendyCyr</BuyerCookie><PunchOutOrderMessageHeader operationAllowed="edit"><Total><Money currency="USD">353.09</Money></Total><Shipping><Money currency="USD">47.09</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>Shipping Method Is Indicated by Line Item</ShortName></Description></Shipping><Tax><Money currency="USD">0</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"/></Tax></PunchOutOrderMessageHeader><ItemIn quantity="3"><ItemID><SupplierPartID>D4545-250UN</SupplierPartID><SupplierPartAuxiliaryID>CartId`68533508</SupplierPartAuxiliaryID></ItemID><ItemDetail><UnitPrice><Money currency="USD">102.00</Money></UnitPrice><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &amp;</ShortName>TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &amp;</Description><UnitOfMeasure>EA</UnitOfMeasure><Classification domain="UNSPSC">12352200</Classification><ManufacturerPartID>D4545</ManufacturerPartID><ManufacturerName>SIGMA</ManufacturerName><Extrinsic name="CAS Number">0009012902</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="ZChCas">0009012902</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="MarketPrice">102.00</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="MarketPriceCurrency">USD</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="HazardClass">C</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="HazardRegulationCode"/><Extrinsic name="CATAPP"/><Extrinsic name="ShippingInstructions"/><Extrinsic name="LeadTime">2</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="StandardLeadTime">2</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="rd_purchasinggroup"/><Extrinsic name="CommCode">12352200</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="PkgQuantity">1</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="availabilityPhrase">3 In Stock from SAINT LOUIS 03/19/14</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="QtyAvailable">3</Extrinsic><Extrinsic name="QtyPending"/><Extrinsic name="Product Information Page URL">http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search/ProductDetail/SIGMA/D4545</Extrinsic></ItemDetail><Shipping><Money currency="USD">0</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>FEDEX OVERNIGHT</ShortName></Description></Shipping></ItemIn></PunchOutOrderMessage></Message></cXML>
ENDXML;

// MAKE AN OBJECT
$obj = SimpleXML_Load_string($xml);

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE OBJECT
// print_r($obj);

$item = $obj->Message->PunchOutOrderMessage->ItemIn;
print_r($item);

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0
 

Author Comment

by:bradley525
ID: 39941996
This does work, but I already had this working..What I am trying to do is loop through the items...

I added
$array = json_decode(json_encode((array)$item), TRUE);
print_r($item);

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to the end of your code to convert it into an array...But I still cant loop through 'ItemIn' I am trying to do a foreach loop but it errors out each time..

Thanks
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LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39942032
it errors out each time
Exactly what output do you get?
loop through the items
But there is only one item!  It's an object - a data structure with stuff inside it.  Are you aiming to get the contents of the data structure?  Or is the test data missing some other items?  Please clarify and I'll try to get you a better code example, thanks.
0
 

Author Comment

by:bradley525
ID: 39942122
Actually I was able to get it to work by

oreach($item as $itm)
{
echo $itm->ItemID[0]->SupplierPartID;
}

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But in the xml there is a ['@attributes'] and I am not sure how to handle this?

I was trying

echo $itm->ItemDetail[0]->Extrinsic[5]->@attributes->name;

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but i receive and error..
0
 
LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39942286
This turns into a mess when you get to the Extrinsic components.  Do you have any influence over the format of the XML document?  If so, it might make a lot of sense to wrap the Extrinsic elements in an <Extrinsics> tag.

Still working it, but I get the feeling that it's not a straightforward solution!
0
 
LVL 108

Accepted Solution

by:
Ray Paseur earned 500 total points
ID: 39942315
This seems to work.  Usually var_dump() is your friend, but it didn't produce what I expected here.  Moving parts to extract the Extrinsic components start at line 60.  

I reformatted the XML document a little bit so I could see what I was working with, since var_dump() was not as helpful as I hoped.  The reformatting has no effect on the execution of the script.

<?php // demo/bradley525.php
error_reporting(E_ALL);
echo '<pre>';

// SEE: http://www.experts-exchange.com/Web_Development/Web_Languages-Standards/PHP/Q_28392665.html

// TEST DATA FROM THE POST AT EE SHOWN IN HEREDOC NOTATION
$xml = <<<ENDXML
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><!DOCTYPE cXML SYSTEM "http://xml.cXML.org/schemas/cXML/1.2.008/cXML.dtd"><cXML xml:lang="en-US" timestamp="2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00" payloadID="2014-03-19T15:31:55-05:00.WC@vOmAl/S8yzyHUc6egkAxb8Xi0co= .9123001443@42374153835" version="1.2.008"><Header><From><Credential domain="DUNS"><Identity>079928354</Identity></Credential></From><To><Credential domain="NetworkID"><Identity>DICERNA</Identity></Credential></To><Sender><Credential domain="NetworkID"><Identity>BELLWETHER</Identity></Credential><UserAgent/></Sender></Header><Message><PunchOutOrderMessage><BuyerCookie>Tue05thNov2013122808WendyCyr</BuyerCookie><PunchOutOrderMessageHeader operationAllowed="edit"><Total><Money currency="USD">353.09</Money></Total><Shipping><Money currency="USD">47.09</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>Shipping Method Is Indicated by Line Item</ShortName></Description></Shipping><Tax><Money currency="USD">0</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"/></Tax></PunchOutOrderMessageHeader><ItemIn quantity="3"><ItemID><SupplierPartID>D4545-250UN</SupplierPartID><SupplierPartAuxiliaryID>CartId`68533508</SupplierPartAuxiliaryID></ItemID><ItemDetail><UnitPrice><Money currency="USD">102.00</Money></UnitPrice><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &amp;</ShortName>TAQ DNA POLYMERASE WITH 10X REACTION   &amp;</Description><UnitOfMeasure>EA</UnitOfMeasure><Classification domain="UNSPSC">12352200</Classification><ManufacturerPartID>D4545</ManufacturerPartID><ManufacturerName>SIGMA</ManufacturerName>
<Extrinsic name="CAS Number">0009012902</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="ZChCas">0009012902</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="MarketPrice">102.00</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="MarketPriceCurrency">USD</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="HazardClass">C</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="HazardRegulationCode"/>
<Extrinsic name="CATAPP"/>
<Extrinsic name="ShippingInstructions"/>
<Extrinsic name="LeadTime">2</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="StandardLeadTime">2</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="rd_purchasinggroup"/>
<Extrinsic name="CommCode">12352200</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="PkgQuantity">1</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="availabilityPhrase">3 In Stock from SAINT LOUIS 03/19/14</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="QtyAvailable">3</Extrinsic>
<Extrinsic name="QtyPending"/>
<Extrinsic name="Product Information Page URL">http://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/search/ProductDetail/SIGMA/D4545</Extrinsic>
</ItemDetail><Shipping><Money currency="USD">0</Money><Description xml:lang="en-US"><ShortName>FEDEX OVERNIGHT</ShortName></Description></Shipping></ItemIn></PunchOutOrderMessage></Message></cXML>
ENDXML;

// MAKE AN OBJECT
$obj = SimpleXML_Load_string($xml);

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE OBJECT
// var_dump($obj);

// EXTRACT THE ITEM DATA
$item = $obj->Message->PunchOutOrderMessage->ItemIn;

// ACTIVATE THIS TO SEE THE ITEM DATA
// var_dump($item);

// SHOW ATTRIBUTES
$attr = $item->attributes()->quantity;
echo PHP_EOL . "quantity = $attr";

// SHOW SOME INTERNAL DATA
$spid = $item->ItemID->SupplierPartID;
echo PHP_EOL . "SupplierPartID = $spid";

$iupm = $item->ItemDetail->UnitPrice->Money;
echo PHP_EOL . "Unit Price Money = $iupm";

$idds = $item->ItemDetail->Description->ShortName;
echo PHP_EOL . "Short Name = $idds";

echo PHP_EOL;
echo PHP_EOL . "<b>Extrinsic Objects:</b>";

// SHOW THE EXTRINSIC STUFF
foreach ($item->ItemDetail->Extrinsic as $extr)
{
    echo PHP_EOL;
    foreach ($extr->attributes() as $attr)
    {
        // CAST THE DATA TO STRING FORMAT
        $a = (string)$attr;
        $x = (string)$extr;
        if (empty($x)) $x = 'VALUE OMITTED';
        echo "$a ==> $x";
    }
}

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HTH, ~Ray
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:bradley525
ID: 39948984
HI Ray,

This did work perfect..Thank you for your help...Thanks!
0
 
LVL 108

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 39949015
Glad to help.  Thanks for the points and thanks for using EE, ~Ray
0

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