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check for a string in a file sh script with cygwin

Posted on 2014-03-20
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2014-03-21
In OS X the statement in sh shell works fine:

string="$(cat ~/$mydir/$file_with_string 2>/dev/null)"
testit="$(grep -c "$string" ~/$myotherdir/file_to_check)"

if [ $testit -eq 0 ];then

I need the same functionality for cygwin on W7. Thank you.
Question by:GeologyETH
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LVL 68

Accepted Solution

woolmilkporc earned 2000 total points
ID: 39942939
CYGWIN has bash, so your script should run there.

The if..then part needs some modification, but that's not due to bash, it is wrong anyway. Or are "do" and "doelse" just placeholders?

if [ $testit -eq 0 ]; then
    echo "String not found"
    #  run commands
    echo " String found"
    # run other commands

We could make it a bit more straightforward, though:

if ! grep -qf ~/$mydir/$file_with_string ~/$myotherdir/file_to_check ; then
    echo "String not found"
    # run commands
    echo " String found"
    # run other commands
LVL 48

Expert Comment

ID: 39944088
Do you have your variables/paths set correctly for cygwin environment?

Author Comment

ID: 39944779
The difficult part is the statement "if [ $testit -eq 0 ];then". Basically, I need to check whether a string which is read from a file is also in another file.
I found now that "~/" used in a string as "$(grep -c "$string" ~/$myotherdir/file_to_check)" is interpreted as a folder with the name "~". I therefore added the path of "~" to the variables "mydir" and "myotherdir".
I checked the path variables in the script and they point to the correct files which content should be checked.
Additionally, the command, e.g. grep is not found, but it is found as "$basedir/grep" (but not without the " ") where "basedir" points to the bin folder in which grep is.
But it still doesn't work.

 I tried

"if ! "$basedir/grep" -qf  $mydir/$file_with_string $myotherdir/file_to_check ; then"

and get

/Bin grep.exe: error while loading shared libraries: cygpcre-1.dll cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

"if [ ! "$basedir/grep" -qf  $mydir/$file_with_string $myotherdir/file_to_check ] ; then"

and get

: [: too many arguments
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Author Comment

ID: 39944799
Coda:  no wonder "cygpcre-1.dll" is not in the bin folder. To test it, I copied "cygpcre-0.dll" to  "cygpcre-1.dll" and get now

C:/Program: No such file or directory
LVL 68

Expert Comment

ID: 39944816
The root cause of your issue seems to be that CYGWIN is incompletely installed.

If you have the "cygcheck" tool at hand you could run:

cygcheck "$basedir/grep"

Any result?

Author Comment

ID: 39944821

if ! "$basedir/grep" -qf  "$mydir/$file_with_string" "$myotherdir/file_to_check" ; then

it works. Seems that cygwin needs the "" because of the spaces in the folder path.

Thanks a lot.

Author Comment

ID: 39944828
Sorry, didn't see your comment in time. Your are right, it's of course no solution as long as the library cygpcre-1.dll is missing. I'll open a new question for this.

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