use columns to create types

I would like to have a column named: TypeGroup
that will contains acronyms like: FGC, CatCode, FTC, SGC, PGC

those acronyms (type groups) will be from columns:

ItemCategoryCode ItemFamilyGroupCode  ItemFamilyTypeCode   ItemSweetenerGroupCode ItemProductGroupCode
---------------- -------------------- -------------------- ---------------------- --------------------
BULK             WHITE                STANDARD             SUGAR                                      
DROP             PEANUT               COLOR OR FLAVOR      SUGAR                  4M                  
DROP             PEANUT               STANDARD             SUGAR                  1M                  
DROP             PEANUT               STANDARD             SUGAR                  4M    


I know I have to use a CASE statement, but I am not sure how to accomplish what I need to that I end up with the TypeGroup column first.

Any help would be great.

Thank you for your help.
metropiaAsked:
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chaauConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Use the following syntax:
SELECT 'FGC' AS ItemType, ItemFamilyGroupCode  AS Value FROM Table1
UNION ALL
SELECT 'CatCode' AS ItemType, ItemCategoryCode AS Value  FROM Table1
UNION ALL
SELECT 'FTC' AS ItemType, ItemFamilyTypeCode   AS Value  FROM Table1
UNION ALL
SELECT 'SGC' AS ItemType, ItemSweetenerGroupCode   AS Value FROM Table1
UNION ALL
SELECT 'PGC' AS ItemType, ItemProductGroupCode  AS Value FROM Table1

Open in new window

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SharathData EngineerCommented:
How do you come up with those acronyms. Explain in plain English.
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metropiaAuthor Commented:
I just did this:

FGC = ItemFamilyGroupCode  
CatCode = ItemCategoryCode
FTC = ItemFamilyTypeCode  
SGC = ItemSweetenerGroupCode
PGC = ItemProductGroupCode


Is that good example?
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englanddgCommented:
I'm a bit confused as to what you are trying to do...could you elaborate a bit more?
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chaauCommented:
I think what you want is column alias. If for example your column is called ItemFamilyGroupCode  but you want in the select statement to show FGC you need to use an alias, like this:
SELECT ItemFamilyGroupCode  AS FGC, 
ItemCategoryCode AS CatCode,
ItemFamilyTypeCode  AS FTC,
ItemSweetenerGroupCode AS SGC,
ItemProductGroupCode AS PGC 
FROM Table1

Open in new window

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metropiaAuthor Commented:
Yes.

There are 5 columns returned:

ItemCategoryCode
ItemFamilyGroupCode  
ItemFamilyTypeCode  
ItemSweetenerGroupCode
ItemProductGroupCode

I just want to create a column of GroupType based off on those columns (I eventually want to pivot my results, not there yet) - I came up with "acronyms" for the columns it just follows the first initial of the column name.

In the end I need tscreen shot mockuphe TypeGroup column to look like this:
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metropiaAuthor Commented:
perhaps a union all? i don't know :/
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englanddgCommented:
I think @chaau has a good solution for you, if you are dumping it into Excel for manipulation.  The column header would be the TypeGroup you are looking for.

Then you could manipulate it with VBA pretty easily to get you the format you are looking for.

However, if you want it to come straight out of SQL like that?  Hrm...

Is that excel screenshot above the end result you are looking for?  If so, I think it's doable...but I don't have it offhand.  At least, not without adding columns to your table that autopopulate the "groupcode" or dumping it into a temp table or something...

Hrm...interesting question.  Hopefully someone has the answer offhand...  <grin>
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metropiaAuthor Commented:
I am using t-sql stored procedure. These results will go into a variable table.
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metropiaAuthor Commented:
any suggestions on how to do this using just t-sql would be awesome. thank you so much.
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englanddgCommented:
Yep, I think @chaanu has your solution!
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SharathConnect With a Mentor Data EngineerCommented:
You can also try UNPIVOT.
 select distinct 
        case TypeGroup 
			when 'ItemCategoryCode' then 'CatCode' 
            when 'ItemFamilyGroupCode' then 'FGC' 
			when 'ItemFamilyTypeCode' then 'FTC' 
			when 'ItemSweetenerGroupCode' then 'SGC' 
			when 'ItemProductGroupCode' then 'PGC' 
         end TypeGroup,
        Value
   from test	   
unpivot (Value for TypeGroup in (ItemCategoryCode,
                                 ItemFamilyGroupCode,
								 ItemFamilyTypeCode,
								 ItemSweetenerGroupCode,
								 ItemProductGroupCode)) p
 order by TypeGroup

Open in new window

http://sqlfiddle.com/#!3/de0c0/5
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