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garbage collector in java and finalize method

Posted on 2014-03-25
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Java does not support destructors, but adds a finalize( ) method which are invoked by the garbage collector prior to reclaiming the memory hold by the object which has the finalize( ) method.  you do not know when the objects are going to be finalized. Try Avoiding use of finalize( ) method to release non-memory resources like file handles, sockets, database connections  because the platform has only a finite number of these resources, and you do not know when the garbage collection is going to invoked in to release these resources through the finalize( ) method.
C++ requires explicit memory management while Java has automatic garbage collection.

I was reading as above about garbage collector and finalize method as above.

I am not clear on who has finalize method. Do we need to write it?

Also why sockets database connections are non memory resources. Please advise
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Question by:gudii9
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mccarl earned 2000 total points
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I am not clear on who has finalize method. Do we need to write it?
If you are writing a class, then you can write a finalize method and the JVM/garbage collector will call that method on your class before the object gets cleaned up/released.

You don't NEED to write this method, but you can if you need to perform some cleanup before the object gets garbage collected. But as the quote that you posted above alludes to, you generally don't need to write a finalize method, because a) resources such as sockets, files, database connections, etc should be released by your code well before a finalize() method would ever get called, and then b) the automatic garbage collector in Java automatically handles the cleanup of everything else. So there is generally nothing to do in a finalize() method.

Also why sockets database connections are non memory resources
Those are considered as "non-memory resources" because they are things that are managed by the operating system, rather than say plain Java objects which are "memory resouces" because all they require is a little bit of memory to store their variables contents.

The distinction between "non-memory" and "memory" resources is made here because generally the limits on the maximum numbers of these are vastly different. For example, if we are talking about database connections, these are generally managed by a connection pool and the maximum number of connections that are available for use might be set at say 300, whereas you might have 4GB of ram in your computer. Therefore, if you don't manage your resources properly, you are more likely to hit the limit for maximum database connections before you might hit the limit of maximum memory used.
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by:gudii9
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plain Java objects which are "memory resouces" because all they require is a little bit of memory to store their variables contents.

How and where to find how much my plain java object consumed(hopefully this is not permanent consumption right..when the memory is released?..if i run a tomcat server to deploy my webapplication war file with bunch of java objects does server memory is consumed or my laptop 4gb) out of 4GB of RAM. please advise
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