I do not understand calling sale function of new product

Posted on 2014-03-25
Last Modified: 2014-03-30
require_once( "closures.php" );

$logger = create_function( '$product', 
                           'print "    logging ({$product->name})\n";' );

$processor = new ProcessSale();
$processor->registerCallback( $logger );

$processor->sale( new Product( "shoes", 6 ) );
print "\n";
$processor->sale( new Product( "coffee", 6 ) );

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class Product {
    public $name;
    public $price;
    function __construct( $name, $price ) {
        $this->name = $name;
        $this->price = $price;

class ProcessSale {
    private $callbacks;

    function registerCallback( $callback ) {
        if ( ! is_callable( $callback ) ) {
            throw new Exception( "callback not callable" );
        $this->callbacks[] = $callback;

    function sale( $product ) {
        print "{$product->name}: processing \n";
        foreach ( $this->callbacks as $callback ) {
            call_user_func( $callback, $product );

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I do not understand calling sale function of new product

$processor->sale( new Product( "shoes", 6 ) );
Question by:rgb192
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LVL 35

Expert Comment

ID: 39955054
What specifically do you not understand about it?

To be clear, the sale function does not belong to the new product. The sale function belongs to the $processor object, and the code is creating a new product object and passing that new product as a parameter to the $processor's sale function.

Author Comment

ID: 39956570
Calling 2 methods at the same time

Author Comment

ID: 39962398
I do not understand calling two classes at the same time.

Sale method of new product
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LVL 35

Accepted Solution

gr8gonzo earned 500 total points
ID: 39963127
This code:
$processor->sale( new Product( "shoes", 6 ) );

...could be rewritten as two lines:

$temporary_variable = new Product( "shoes", 6 );
$processor->sale( $temporary_variable );

The only difference is that the "new Product" part is created in memory and is passed immediately to the sale function and there is no $temporary_variable or other variable to reference it outside of the function.

Author Comment

ID: 39964987
okay same output but easier to understand

//$processor->sale( new Product( "shoes", 6 ) );
$temporary_variable=new Product("shoes", 6);

Next part of sale function I do not understand is the foreach
this run was value lambda_8, last run was lambda_8
Only one run in the foreach

what is lambda and why always run once

Author Closing Comment

ID: 39965428
Yes you answered the question about calling the method.
Thank you.

Second question about this method is:

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