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one to many join on two fields vfp

Posted on 2014-03-26
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Last Modified: 2014-03-26
Hi:
I am trying to compose a form which  displays deliveries made to a range of customers on a given day by a given wagon. Two tables: 'wagons' comprises wagons and the date on which they deliver; and 'customers' comprises customers, wagon, and date.
They should therefore join at wagon AND date. However vfp will not let me create more than one join in the data environment. Before I write in a field that concatanates the wagon and date in each table then singly joins this new field, I thought I should ask an expert.....
Thanks!
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Question by:ClaytonGlass
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pcelba earned 250 total points
ID: 39955381
There are no joins but relations in VFP data environment. And relation cannot join two tables based on two different columns because it uses one index only.

So your options are
1) Concatenated column
2) No data environment but SQL query with your join:

SELECT c.* FROM Customers c
  INNER JOIN wagons w ON w.wagonID = c.wagonID AND w.date = c.date

3) You could also create a view from above SQL command and add this view into the data environment. It requires database container, e.g. :

CREATE DATABASE custwag
ADD TABLE customers
ADD TABLE wagons
CREATE SQL VIEW cwjoin AS SELECT c.* FROM Customers c INNER JOIN wagons w ON w.wagonID = c.wagonID AND w.date = c.date

The concatenated column provides the fastest response time because such column requires just one index for optimization.
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Author Closing Comment

by:ClaytonGlass
ID: 39955385
Comprehensive as usual, thank you very much pcelba!
Gone for concatanated column.
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