Want to protect your cyber security and still get fast solutions? Ask a secure question today.Go Premium

x
  • Status: Solved
  • Priority: Medium
  • Security: Public
  • Views: 390
  • Last Modified:

Linux: Find files containing text regardless of dashes

Running Linux, how can I find all files containing specific text, disregarding dashes?

For example:
grep -iwr "hello-world" /my/dir/

Open in new window

That should find a file that contains this:
Hello World
?

Also, I only need the filename.  I do not want content from the file.

Thanks!
0
hankknight
Asked:
hankknight
1 Solution
 
simon3270Commented:
It slightly depends on what you are looking for.  If you want any single character between the "hello" and the "world", use a dot (so "hello.world")  - dot matches any character - that would match "hello world", "hello-world", or even "hello%world".

If you want a specific set of allowed characters, use something like "hello[- _]world", to allow hyphen, space or underscore (in this example).  Normally a hyphen in a character class like that (i.e. between "[" and "]") would indicate a range of values (e..g "[A-Z]" means all of the upper-case letters), but at the start or end of the class (next to the "[" or "]") it matches a hyphen.

To get just the names, add the "-l" flag to your "-iwr".
0
 
serialbandCommented:
If you want to match capitals and lower case you'd do the following

grep -liwr [Hh]ello.[Ww]orld  /my/dir/

If you want it to match the space character, you either quote the string or escape the space
grep -liwr "[Hh]ello [Ww]orld"  /my/dir/
grep -liwr [Hh]ello\ [Ww]orld  /my/dir/
0
 
simon3270Commented:
(there's a -i in the options, so case is ignored anyway)
0
Industry Leaders: We Want Your Opinion!

We value your feedback.

Take our survey and automatically be enter to win anyone of the following:
Yeti Cooler, Amazon eGift Card, and Movie eGift Card!

 
serialbandCommented:
Yes, I saw that, yet I continued posting.  :P
0
 
TintinCommented:
How are you deriving your search string?
0
 
Kevin PhamCommented:
Why would you want to add a dash to the text string... then write a script to strip it? Just do this

$ grep -Ril 'hello world' /my/dir

This will look recursively to find the words and only display the filenames.
0

Featured Post

Keep up with what's happening at Experts Exchange!

Sign up to receive Decoded, a new monthly digest with product updates, feature release info, continuing education opportunities, and more.

Tackle projects and never again get stuck behind a technical roadblock.
Join Now