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How to rsync without password on Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS

Posted on 2014-04-03
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Last Modified: 2014-04-04
Hi Experts,

I had a look on several articles on the Internet but I didn't found exactly how do I to need to configure the server to perform rsync without password with the second host. It's always prompting for the password even after I have shared the RSA key to the second server.

Someone please provide me the clean and neat steps for this purpose ?

I'm trying to enable "archive command" on a Postgres Hot Standby cluster.

Thanks a lot for your time !
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Question by:Shakthi777
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Expert Comment

by:Sandy
ID: 39974730
Configure keyless auth of ssh between the nodes then you can use.

TY/SA
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Assisted Solution

by:carlmd
carlmd earned 166 total points
ID: 39974751
The following will tell you how to do this.

http://www.thegeekstuff.com/2011/07/rsync-over-ssh-without-password/
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Assisted Solution

by:Pepe2323
Pepe2323 earned 167 total points
ID: 39975580
Hi

the thing to access to ur second node without password is ssh config

create ur keys on first node

ssh-keyget -t rsa

when it ask for password just push enter

on ur user home directory, you will see a directory name .ssh

there you will find some files

make sure to copy id_rsa.pub to ur second node on home directory/.ssh/ as authorized_keys

and that should make that u can access from first node to the second without password
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Expert Comment

by:Pepe2323
ID: 39975585
My bad the command is ssh-keygen  i typed wrong on my last post
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Accepted Solution

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serialband earned 167 total points
ID: 39977158
Did you load your private key & passphrase before you attempted a connection?
eval ssh-agent
ssh-add YOUR_PRIVATE_KEY


You could create a key without a passphrase, but you still need to load it first.  The public on the remote server is useless without the private key to authenticate to.


Another way is to enable NFS and mount the drive from the remote server.  rsync will copy over nfs mounts without a password.

You can also enable the native rsync service port on your secure local subnet and set a blank password.  This method is insecure, so you only do this if you trust your network.
http://transamrit.net/docs/rsync/

If you want security over a remote internet connection, then you really should use ssh keys, but it's just one of the ways you can rsync.
Here's another link about setting up rsync using ssh keys
https://blogs.oracle.com/jkini/entry/how_to_scp_scp_and
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Author Closing Comment

by:Shakthi777
ID: 39977441
Thanks for the comments however I have used sshpass as an alternative option of doing it;

http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/noninteractive-shell-script-ssh-password-provider/
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Expert Comment

by:serialband
ID: 39978487
That puts your password in your command line history in plain text.  It's not really a secure way to do it since you've defeated one of the points of ssh.  I still suggest you use ssh keys.
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Author Comment

by:Shakthi777
ID: 39978504
Thanks for the comments "serialband" !
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