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Finding Orphan DB Records

Posted on 2014-04-03
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Last Modified: 2014-04-03
From the "Poor DB Design" department:  I have a database with an "Events" table and a "RaceData" table.  Every record in the "RaceData" table should be tied to the "Events" table via the "EventsID" FK-PK relationship.  Here is the problem:  I think I have some orphans in the "RaceData" table.  How can I find and delete them?
0
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Question by:Bob Schneider
4 Comments
 
LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
Steve Dubyo earned 167 total points
ID: 39975722
Hi,

Find..
select 
	rc.*
from 
	RaceData rc
left join 
	[Events] e
on
	rc.EventsID = e.EventsID
where
	e.EventsID is null

Open in new window


Delete..
delete
from 
	RaceData rc
left join 
	[Events] e
on
	rc.EventsID = e.EventsID
where
	e.EventsID is null

Open in new window

0
 
LVL 1

Assisted Solution

by:LogisticsOne
LogisticsOne earned 167 total points
ID: 39975727
You can do a
SELECT * FROM RaceData R
WHERE not exists (select * from Events E where E.EventsId = R.EventsID)

This will match all your Events ID's with the RaceData ID's and then compare that to all the ID's in the RaceData table and return values that are in the RaceData table, but no in the Events table.

(or reverse if if you're checking for orphans in the Events table that don't have a match in the RaceData)

I'm not sure about the performance hit, but I use something similar to this on some tables that are around 2million records each and it just takes a few seconds.
0
 
LVL 6

Assisted Solution

by:Dulton
Dulton earned 166 total points
ID: 39975733
I would recommend first looking at what records you're talking about by running this:
SELECT rd.*
  FROM RaceData AS rd
 WHERE NOT EXISTS (SELECT e.EventsID
FROM EVENTS AS e
WHERE rd.EventsID = e.EventsID)

Open in new window


If you see anything other than exactly what you want to delete, DO NOT RUN THE BELOW DELETE.

After you verify what you see returned is exactly what you want deleted, run the delete below:
DELETE FROM RaceData AS rd
WHERE NOT EXISTS 
(SELECT e.EventsID
 FROM Events As e
 WHERE rd.EventsID = e.EventsID)

Open in new window

0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:Bob Schneider
ID: 39975981
Great solutions.
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