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Setting up Visual Studio for Sharepoint Development

Posted on 2014-04-04
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I am trying to design for a SharePoint site using Visual Studio 2012 so that I can get a design view in SharePoint Designer 2013 and try to design a tabbed layout for a form or page.  I started with a little trouble in installing SharePoint Server 2013 but I eventually did it and chose to connect to an existing SharePoint farm.  When I try to create a new SharePoint project, I get one of two problems depending on how I set my computer's hosts file.  When I get to the customization wizard and type in the site for debugging, I type in the specific site or just the root domain name with the option 'deploy as sandboxed solution', but I would get this error about not being able to connect to remote sites.  Also, I would get this error about two prerequisites not being installed for project: web developer tools and exchange services plus I am unable to connect to my site through SharePoint Designer.  I have heard about virtual machines and everything but my operating system is Windows Server 2008 R2.  Is there any way I can successfully set up my Visual Studio 2012 and/or SharePoint Designer 2013 environments to be able to design (not just by code but also by graphical layout) for my SharePoint 2013 site without having to install a new server, change my operating system, or any other major change like that to my computer that could possibly damage it or slow it down.  I really need any help that anyone can provide.  Thank you
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Question by:JVSNJ
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colly92002 earned 1500 total points
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Prior to 2013 Sharepoint develpment required Visual Studio to be installed on a server hosting Sharepoint - i.e. a standalone Sharepoint development server.   You could not develop remotely as you needed the Sharepoint object model available.  There is a very steep learning curve to get over.   Here is a guide to get you started: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee231568.aspx

With 2013 you can develop "apps".  This is a completely different concept and may be more suitable to your needs.  Have a look at this guide to get started: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/jj164084%28v=office.15%29.aspx

Sharepoint designer offers limited developer capabilities, but is more of a prototyping tool if you have an enterprise wide Sharepoint deployment in my opinon.   However again it may provided the functionality you need.  It will work remotely as it connects to Sharepoint using teh web services interface.  Any user with "designer" permissions or above should get the option to "edit with Shaerpoint Designer" in the "Site Actions" drop down - if you do not check your permissions (see here: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2592376)
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