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Pushing to a multi-dimensional hash?

Hello,

I have the following code which takes the process id from a matched IP Address and looks to find the rest of the flow in the logs file.  Unfortunately the process ID is not unique and is pulling data from other flows as well.  So I decided to match the process ID with the time (hour and minute), that way if it matches the pid and matches the time frame it will consider it as part of the flow.  I have extracted the pid and time into arrays but am having a hard time knowing how to relate them to each other so I can later search using them as the new criteria.  I'm assuming I would have to use a hash but but unsure how I would map to a multi-dimensional hash. Any help would be appreciated.

For a bigger picture of what I'm trying to do, I want to search for the IP "192.168.0.2" in a log file and have it give me all the flow for that IP which I would get by using the PID.  Unfortunately since the PIDs are not completely unique, I could have an IP "192.168.0.4" that has the same IP as "192.168.0.2" so the program currently would give me flows from both IP addresses.

Thank you!

Sample code:
# -------------------------------------------------------
# extract PIDs and Time from lines
# -------------------------------------------------------
my $infile3 = 'output.txt';
my @time;
my @pids;

open (INPUT2, $infile3) or die "Couldn't read $infile3.\n";

while (<INPUT2>) {
	if( /(\d\d):(\d\d):/ ) {
    	push @time, $1 .":" . $2;
		
		if (/ftpd\[(.*?)\]/) {
        	push @pids,  $1;
		}   	
    }

}
close(INPUT2);

# -------------------------------------------------------
# find flow based on PID that was found from criteria
# -------------------------------------------------------

# Put the PIDs into a hash.  Each line which matches will be stored.
my %pids = map { $_ => [] } @pids;


seek INPUT, 0, 0;

# Loop through the lines
while(my $line = <INPUT>) {
    # Look for a PID
    if(my($pid) = $line =~ m{ \[ \s*(\d+) \]: }x) {
        # Push it into the appropriate PID slot if it's on our list
        push @{$pids{$pid}}, $line if $pids{$pid};
    }
}

print Dumper \%pids;

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output.txt:

Dec  1 23:59:10 ftp1 ftpd[4690]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], prod1
Dec  1 23:59:10 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], prod
Dec  1 23:59:11 ftp1 ftpd[4693]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], test1
Dec  1 23:59:14 ftp1 ftpd[4696]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], test1
Dec  1 23:59:40 ftp1 ftpd[5320]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], test1

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Current hash output:
         
 '4692' => [
                      'Dec  2 23:59:27 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: USER prod1
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASS password
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], prod1
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:33 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PWD
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:35 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /prod/data/
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:38 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: TYPE Image
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:40 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASV
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:42 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: NLST
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:45 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: QUIT
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:45 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP session closed
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: USER test1
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASS password
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.4 [192.168.0.4], test1
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PWD
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /test/data/
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: TYPE Image
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASV
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: NLST
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP session closed
'
                    ],

Open in new window

0
dloszewski
Asked:
dloszewski
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1 Solution
 
ozoCommented:
What would you want the output to be instead?
0
 
dloszewskiAuthor Commented:
So right now as you can see in the hash output that I provided it is including flows from 23:59 from 192.168.0.2 as well as 10:39 from 192.168.0.4.  I only want the flow from 23:59 from 192.168.0.2 since the 192.168.0.2 is the only IP I"m searching for
0
 
ozoCommented:
# Put the PIDs into a hash.  Each line which matches will be stored.
my %pids = map { $_ => {} } @pids;

open INPUT,"<Q_28407242.in" or die $!;
seek INPUT, 0, 0;

# Loop through the lines
while(my $line = <INPUT>) {
    # Look for a PID
    print $line;
    if(my($pid,$ip) = $line =~ m{ \[ \s*(\d+) \]:\s+FTP\s+LOGIN\s+FROM\s+(\S+)}x) {
        # Push it into the appropriate PID slot if it's on our list
        push @{$pids{$pid}{$ip}}, $line if $pids{$pid};
    }
}

print Dumper \%pids;

$VAR1 = {
          '4696' => {},
          '4693' => {},
          '4690' => {},
          '4692' => {
                      '192.168.0.2' => [
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], prod1
'
                                       ],
                      '192.168.0.4' => [
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.4 [192.168.0.4], test1
'
                                       ]
                    },
          '5320' => {}
        };
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dloszewskiAuthor Commented:
But how about when it goes to input the following:

Dec 2 23:59:35 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /prod/data/

How will it know if it belongs to 192.168.0.2 or 192.168.0.4 since they have the same pid ?

I appreciate your help!
0
 
dloszewskiAuthor Commented:
Ok, so I created two separate hashes, one to references the pids and the times and the second to reference the pids and all the lines that match that pid.  

How would I take out all the hash elements from the second hash that does not match the time for the key in the first one?

so for example, below you see 4696 occurs at 23:59 but the has below that has lines with a time of 10:39, how would I take out all the 10:39 out?:

$VAR1 = {
          '4696' => '23:59',
          '4693' => '23:59',
          '4690' => '23:59',
          '4692' => '23:59',
          '5320' => '23:59'
        };

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'4692' => [
                      'Dec  2 23:59:27 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: USER prod1
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASS password
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], prod1
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:33 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PWD
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:35 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /prod/data/
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:38 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: TYPE Image
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:40 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASV
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:42 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: NLST
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:45 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: QUIT
',
                      'Dec  2 23:59:45 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP session closed
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: USER test1
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASS password
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.4 [192.168.0.4], test1
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PWD
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /test/data/
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: TYPE Image
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASV
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: NLST
',
                      'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP session closed
'
                    ],

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0
 
ozoCommented:
# Loop through the lines
my $ip;
while( <INPUT> ){
    # Look for a PID
    print;
    $ip=$1 if  m{FTP\s+LOGIN\s+FROM\s+(\S+)};
    if(my($pid) = m{ \[ \s*(\d+) \]: }x) {
        # Push it into the appropriate PID slot if it's on our list
        push @{$pids{$pid}{$ip}}, $_ if $pids{$pid};
    }
    undef $ip if m{FTP session closed};
}

print Dumper \%pids;


$VAR1 = {
          '4696' => {},
          '4693' => {},
          '4690' => {},
          '4692' => {
                      '' => [
                              'Dec  2 23:59:27 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: USER prod1
',
                              'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASS password
',
                              'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: USER test1
',
                              'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASS password
'
                            ],
                      '192.168.0.2' => [
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:29 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.2 [192.168.0.2], prod1
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:33 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PWD
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:35 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /prod/data/
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:38 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: TYPE Image
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:40 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASV
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:42 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: NLST
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:45 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: QUIT
',
                                         'Dec  2 23:59:45 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP session closed
'
                                       ],
                      '192.168.0.4' => [
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP LOGIN FROM 192.168.0.4 [192.168.0.4], test1
',
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PWD
',
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: CWD /test/data/
',
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:12 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: TYPE Image
',
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: PASV
',
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: NLST
',
                                         'Dec  2 10:39:13 ftp1 ftpd[4692]: FTP session closed
'
                                       ]
                    },
          '5320' => {}
        };
0
 
dloszewskiAuthor Commented:
not working for me, I get the following:

$VAR1 = [
          '4690',
          '4692',
          '4693',
          '4696',
          '5320'
        ];
$VAR1 = [
          '23:59',
          '23:59',
          '23:59',
          '23:59',
          '23:59'
        ];
Not a HASH reference at C:/Users/dloszews/workspace/ftp_search/ftp_search.pl line 94, <INPUT> line 440955.

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this is line 94:

   push @{$pids{$pid}{$ip}}, $_ if $pids{$pid};

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0
 
ozoCommented:
How are you setting %pids?

In http:#a39984840, I used
my %pids = map { $_ => {} } @pids;
0
 
dloszewskiAuthor Commented:
looks to have done it, thanks
0

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