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how to identify what purpose server is doing

i just started a new firm. i have all these servers but its hard to identify what server is doing what. what is the best way to identify besides the naming convention of the server and programs and features.
3 Solutions
helpfinderIT ConsultantCommented:
check that Roles and Features which are installed.
Also installed programs.
Look at HDDs to see shared folders
check if server holds some FSMO
you can check also scheduled tasks
check windows backup if there is some, and what is the destination

also you can unplug LAN cable to see what employees can complain as not working :)
Patrick BogersDatacenter platform engineer LindowsCommented:

Can we assume there is nothing on documentation? (= bad thing)
Next, are this servers used to run business made processes or is the company, for instance, a hostingprovider?
Off course this question is to easy and i am sure they are not so naming convention could help but you know this better then we do.

ipconfig /all on the servers wil show which servers are domain/dns controllers
So next to roles and features you should check taskmanager-> processess and find non OS specific services.
Besides services you could look for task schedules etc etc
Open up server manager by right clicking Computer on the start menu. Clicking Roles will give you a summary of the server's roles. Features will help you understand what's installed and can guide you in understanding the server better. If it's an Exchange server, you'll see the mgmgt console on the All Programs on the start menu.

I know the other expert was joking, but please don't pull the plug. Yikes.
ttrbrtsnAuthor Commented:
excellent repsonses
Thank you for the grade. Good luck.
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