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Linux, RHEL 5 - password. Only 8 characters are being seen

Posted on 2014-04-15
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Last Modified: 2014-04-25
I changed a password to a more complex password. But only the first 8 characters are recognized.

For example:

MyPassword437882

...if you just type

MyPasswo

...it gets you in.

How do I fix this on new and/or existing accounts?
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Question by:Viclyn
6 Comments
 
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by:simon3270
ID: 40002371
That's very "old school"!  That behaviour was removed from most Linuxes in 2000 or so.

Have some of the entries in /etc/pam.d been removed?  Or if you haven't got pam.d, is there anything in /etc/pam.conf which might limit the checking of passwords?
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by:Viclyn
ID: 40002401
I don't see a pam.conf file, but I do have a pam.d directory. I'm not sure what needs to be modified or if anything was removed. To the best of my knowledge, nothing was removed.
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by:simon3270
ID: 40003526
I don't have a RHEL 5 machine handy, but on RHEL 6 I have:
[root@ms1 ~]# ls /etc/pam.d/
atd          eject                other             reboot        screen             ssh-keycat            system-auth
chfn         fingerprint-auth     passwd            remote        smartcard-auth     su                    system-auth-ac
chsh         fingerprint-auth-ac  password-auth     rhn_register  smartcard-auth-ac  subscription-manager
config-util  halt                 password-auth-ac  run_init      smtp               sudo
crond        login                polkit-1          runuser       smtp.postfix       sudo-i
cvs          newrole              poweroff          runuser-l     sshd               su-l
[root@ms1 ~]# 

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Assisted Solution

by:serialband
serialband earned 250 total points
ID: 40004806
From:  https://access.redhat.com/site/articles/2718


How do I change the default password length?
Updated August 18 2005 at 10:00 PM

The default password length is usually 8 characters. In order to improve security longer passwords can be enforced. Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) is used for login authentication. We will make changes to the pam_cracklib module to control how the user authenticates.

Important: Make sure to make a backup of your /lib/security directory and your /etc/pam.d/system-auth before making any changes. Making changes to PAM can cause a system to become inaccessible.

Create backup then list contents of the tar file:

# tar -cvf backup.tar /etc/pam.d/system-auth /lib/security/*
# tar -tf backup.tar

Open file /etc/pam.d/system-auth file with an editor such as vi. Inside the /etc/pam.d/system-auth file you will find line:

password    requisite     /lib/security/$ISA/pam_cracklib.so retry=3 type=

Replace the line with:

password    requisite     /lib/security/$ISA/pam_cracklib.so retry=3  minlen=10

Notes:

    Make the changes carefully. If a change is made and the system becomes inaccessible, go into rescue mode and replace the files with the backup files previously created.

    Once the proper changes have been made to the system-auth file and everything is working as desired, a backup of the new system-auth should be made. If the authconfig command is used, it will overwrite the system-auth file.

    If a single digit number is used in the password, an extra character must be used in the password.

More detailed information about Pluggable Authentication Module can be found in additional Knowledgebase articles.

Additional reference material can be found at: http://www.puschitz.com/SecuringLinux.shtml#EnforcingStrongerPasswords
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by:simon3270
ID: 40006081
+1 for the "Making changes to PAM can cause a system to become inaccessible." - when I was checking this, I moved the contents of /etc/pam.d to see what would happen.  Unfortunately I did it on my laptop, rather than the Virtual Machine I thought I was working in, and found that sudo and su stopped working.  i had to boot with a live CD to allow me to move the contents back to get a working system!
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Accepted Solution

by:
gheist earned 250 total points
ID: 40006693
8 significant digits in password means you are using low-grade DES encryption
While PAM will ask you to have 10 digit password, still 8 digits will be significant.
You need to run
# authconfig --enablemd5
then you can have unlimited length salted md5 passwords
users will get secure password once they change password (if you prefer to force them drop a line here and we will help you with the script)
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