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TSQL update query syntax

Posted on 2014-04-16
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Last Modified: 2014-04-19
Hello,

SQL Server 2008.

I have a table of patients called Patients where each patient is identified by PatientId.

I have a table of visits called Visits where each visit has the PatientId and a the visit date.  There is also a unique id column in the Visit table.


I want to search the Visits table, look up the latest visit date and id for each patient in the Patients table, and update the Patient table with this values.

I am trying to use the following general syntax:

update #Patients set LatestVisit = h.VisitDate, Id = h.id from
 (select top 1 fd.PersonId, fd.id, fd.VisitDate from dbo.Trombos_FollowUpData fd 
 order by fd.Visitdate desc ) h
where h.Personid = #Patients.PersonId

Open in new window

but i see i need to add a where statement in the inner select somehow to match the patients.

Maybe i need to do this using an inner join?
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Question by:soozh
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1 Comment
 
LVL 23

Accepted Solution

by:
Ioannis Paraskevopoulos earned 2000 total points
ID: 40003680
Hi,


Try this:


;WITH MyCTE AS
(
    SELECT  fd.PersonId, 
                  fd.id, 
                  fd.VisitDate,
                  ROW_NUMBER() OVER(PARTITION BY fd.PersonId ORDER BY fd.VisitDate DESC) AS RowNum
    FROM   dbo.Trombos_FollowUpData fd 
)

UPDATE    #Patients 
SET           LatestVisit = h.VisitDate, 
                 Id = h.id
FROM       #Patients P
                 JOIN MyCTE h
                     ON h.Personid = P.PersonId
WHERE    RowNum = 1

Open in new window


The above will create a CTE which will have an integer column in each row. This column(RowNum) will have an increasing value for each Patient based on the visit date. The latest Visitdate for Patient 1 would have a RowNum 1 and the latest VisitDate for patient 2 will also have RowNum = 1. This way you can get the latest Visit Date for each Patient and then use it to update accordingly.

Giannis
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