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write a PS script to query OS of a remote system.

Posted on 2014-04-20
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Last Modified: 2014-04-21
I need to write a PS script to read a server.txt (list of servers) file and return their OS.

I only know the way to do it locally is  (get-wmiobject win32_operatingsystem).name


Please advise.  

Thanks.
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Question by:nav2567
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14 Comments
 
LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40011921
gc serverlist.txt | % { gwmi -computer $_ win32 _operatingsystem | select -expa name}

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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40011923
Opps had an extra space:

gc serverlist.txt | % { gwmi -computer $_ win32_operatingsystem | select -expa name}

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Author Comment

by:nav2567
ID: 40011945
works.  Thanks.

Can you modify the line that displays also the system names next to each result - the OS?

Thanks again.
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LVL 29

Assisted Solution

by:becraig
becraig earned 800 total points
ID: 40011963
Short answer, since you are already passing in the server name:

gc serverlist.txt | % {$os = gwmi -computer $_ win32_operatingsystem | select -expa name; write-host "$_ $os"}

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Author Comment

by:nav2567
ID: 40012287
Excellent.  

How do I pipe the result to a csv or txt file?
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Author Comment

by:nav2567
ID: 40012556
I need to pipe the output to a csv or txt file.  BeCraig's script has already done the job of displaying the output.

Thanks.
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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40012601
$details = @()
gc serverlist.txt | % {
$os = gwmi -computer $_ win32_operatingsystem | select -expa name
$details += "$_`t$os`n"
} 
write-host $details
$details | out-file serveros.txt

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Save the above as a *.ps1 file and run:
E.g. script.ps1
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Author Comment

by:nav2567
ID: 40012659
I have the output file I want.  But I just want to let you know I see a bunch of errors like the below:

Get-WmiObject : Cannot validate argument on parameter 'ComputerName'. The argument is null or empty. Supply an argument
 that is not null or empty and then try the command again.
At C:\showos1.ps1:3 char:21
+ $os = gwmi -computer <<<<  $_ win32_operatingsystem | select -expa name
    + CategoryInfo          : InvalidData: (:) [Get-WmiObject], ParameterBindingValidationException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : ParameterArgumentValidationError,Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.GetWmiObjectCommand
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Accepted Solution

by:
cantoris earned 1200 total points
ID: 40012676
Try this:
$List = "C:\ServerList.txt"
Get-Content $List | ForEach-Object {
    $PC = $_.ToUpper()
    Write-Host "Hostname = $PC ..."
    if (Test-Connection -ComputerName $PC -Count 1 -Quiet) {
        $Props = @{
            "ComputerName" = $PC;
            "OS" = (Get-WmiObject -ComputerName $PC -Class Win32_OperatingSystem).Caption
        }
        $obj = New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property $Props
        Write-Output $obj
    }
} | Export-Csv -Path "c:\Output.csv" -NoTypeInformation
Write-Host "Finished!"

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This quietly handles offline PCs without throwing errors and emits proper objects so you can pipe them to Export-Csv like here or pipe them to Out-Gridview or Format-Table or anything else.
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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40012678
Your input file may have some empty carriage returns.

We can always trim the input to avoid this.
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LVL 16

Assisted Solution

by:cantoris
cantoris earned 1200 total points
ID: 40012691
This avoids problems from empty lines and errant spaces:

$List = "C:\ServerList.txt"
Get-Content $List | ForEach-Object {
    $PC = $_.ToUpper().Trim()
    if ($PC -ne "") {
                Write-Host "Hostname = $PC ..."
        if (Test-Connection -ComputerName $PC -Count 1 -Quiet) {
            $Props = @{
                "ComputerName" = $PC;
                "OS" = (Get-WmiObject -ComputerName $PC -Class Win32_OperatingSystem).Caption
            }
            $obj = New-Object -TypeName PSObject -Property $Props
            Write-Output $obj
        }
    }
} | Export-Csv -Path "c:\Output.csv" -NoTypeInformation
Write-Host "Finished!"

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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40012709
$details = @()
gc serverlist.txt | % {
$server = $_.Trim()
if !(Test-Connection $server)
{}
else {
$os = gwmi -computer $server win32_operatingsystem | select -expa name
$details += "$server`t$os`n"
        }
                                  } 
write-host $details
$details | out-file serveros.txt

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This cleans up your empty entries:
Also adds a ping test.
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Author Closing Comment

by:nav2567
ID: 40013888
Thanks, everyone!
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