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'CREATE SCHEMA' must be the first statment in a query batch

Posted on 2014-04-28
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Last Modified: 2014-04-28
Hi all,

I am trying to create and read in a database dynamically using c#. I have exported to an SQL file from SQL Managment studio.

I have the following code;

try
        {
            string connectionString = WebConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["myConnectionString"].ConnectionString;

            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString))
            {
                string createQuery = String.Format("CREATE DATABASE [{0}{1}]", dbPrefix, databaseName);

                using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(createQuery, connection))
                {
                    try
                    {
                        connection.Open();
                        command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    }
                    catch (System.Exception ex)
                    {
                        //log
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                        connection.Close();
                    }
                }

                //now read in and execute the script
                FileInfo file = new FileInfo(defaultDBScript);
                string script = file.OpenText().ReadToEnd();

                //sub in the databaseName
                script = script.Replace("@Database", dbPrefix + databaseName);
                script = script.Replace("GO", ";");
                    
                using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(script, connection))
                {
                    try
                    {
                        connection.Open();
                        command.ExecuteNonQuery();
                    }
                    catch (System.Exception ex)
                    {
                       //log
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                        connection.Close();
                    }
                }
                
                file.OpenText().Close();
 
            }'

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However I am getting the following error message?

Could someone please tell me how I can export a db so I can programatically read it into another using c#?
0
Comment
Question by:flynny
2 Comments
 
LVL 52

Accepted Solution

by:
Carl Tawn earned 2000 total points
ID: 40027146
The problem isn't in the exporting, it's with the fact that some statement type must exist as the first statement in a batch (CREATE SCHEMA, CREATE VIEW, etc).

So, what you need to do is split your file contents on the batch separator and execute each one individually:
//now read in and execute the script
FileInfo file = new FileInfo(defaultDBScript);
string script = file.OpenText().ReadToEnd();

//sub in the databaseName
script = script.Replace("@Database", dbPrefix + databaseName);
                    
using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand("", connection))
{
    string[] statements = script.Split(new string[] { "GO" }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);

    try
    {
        connection.Open();
        foreach (string statement in statements)
        {
            command.CommandText = statement;
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
         }
    }
    catch (System.Exception ex)
    {
        //log
    }
    finally
    {
        connection.Close();
    }
}

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0
 
LVL 7

Expert Comment

by:Utkarsh Kulkarni
ID: 40027157
Is it required to create Database and then execute the script ?

You can check Ref - https://support.microsoft.com/kb/307283/EN-US
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