kernel in windows

Hi,

As far as i know linux use kernal to connect between hardware and application. i would like to ask do windows use kernel?
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tankergoblinAsked:
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Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
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duncanb7Commented:
Take a look at  the first link for Unix and MS windows and other links
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kernel_(operating_system)
Just overview the history of MS window  for reading easier  other two links articles
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Microsoft_Windows
The release Window XP brings NT kernel to USERS replacing window 9x
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Windows_NT

Hope understand your question completely.If not , please point it out

Duncan
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tankergoblinAuthor Commented:
I think the answer should be in short and simple sentence. Why not you just tell me the answer to show me you have the knowledge rather than copy paste the link for me. Erm no offence. i know where to find the resources but i believe expert can give me more detail explanation.
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duncanb7Commented:
Yes, window uses kernel
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SandyCommented:
Windows uses kernel named ntoskrnl.exe which is working with HAL to communicate with Hardware.

TY/SA
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Lee W, MVPTechnology and Business Process AdvisorCommented:
I think the answer should be in short and simple sentence.

But what if it's not a simple answer?  Others have asked this question or wanted to understand so people wrote more detailed explanations... why should we restate those explanations - odds are, those detailed explanations are more accurate, having been reviewed hundreds or thousands of times, rather than once or twice by us and maybe we thought we typed "not" but didn't which can change the whole meaning of the comment!

Why not you just tell me the answer to show me you have the knowledge
Because you asked the question for YOUR knowledge, my goal is to help you understand, not prove to you I understand.

i know where to find the resources but i believe expert can give me more detail explanation.
Again, for accuracy and ease of reading, pre-written explanations in links are BETTER than hastily thrown together comments in a forum.  If you don't understand something in those links, ask a question explaining what doesn't make sense and we can help you understand.

Otherwise, it's a lot like we're doing your homework for you.
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tankergoblinAuthor Commented:
As far as i know kernel is use to link application and hardware together. it sounds like an OS so is kernel one of the module of OS?
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SandyCommented:
Yes it is like on inner circle you have HARDWARE which has KERNEL as its next layer and KERNEL is covered with OS LAYER and at last there is USER..

The above one is default OS Arch.

TY/SA
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tankergoblinAuthor Commented:
Ok thanks so can i say that kernel is part of OS?
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SandyCommented:
yes it is

TY/SA
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SandyCommented:
in above post OS Layer = Shell (Bash/Explorer.exe/CMD/PS)

TY/SA
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tankergoblinAuthor Commented:
ok thanks.. last question that mean after kernel awake from sleep and it will pass it task to boot loader am i right?
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SandyCommented:
No.. First MBR get loaded then boot loader after wards its bootloader responsibility to load kernel and then kernel take the control over HAL and going forth starts the System shell for user interaction.

TY/SA
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