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Decode and NVL

Posted on 2014-07-18
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Last Modified: 2014-07-21
Hello,

Please assist with understanding the statement below. I understand for example NVL(PE.PAID,0) is stating if pe.paid is null place a zero.

where
 (NVL(DECODE(NVL(PE.OKTOBILL,0),1,DECODE(TO_CHAR(PE.HICFIRST,'YYYY'),'0000', 0, NVL(PE.BILLED,0)),0),0) - NVL(PE.WRITTENOFF,0) - NVL(PE.PAID,0)) >0

Thank you for the help.
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Question by:jverasql
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3 Comments
 
LVL 77

Assisted Solution

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
slightwv (䄆 Netminder) earned 125 total points
ID: 40205056
decode goes like this:
decode(this_value,when_a,return_a,when_b,return_b,else_return_this)


Break it down and indent it to take each piece individually:
 
 (
 	NVL(
 		DECODE(
			--if the nvl on oktobill = 1 then return the value of the decode
 			NVL(PE.OKTOBILL,0),1,
 			DECODE(
				--If the YYYY = '0000' return 0
 				TO_CHAR(PE.HICFIRST,'YYYY'),'0000', 0,
				--else return this
 				NVL(PE.BILLED,0)
 			),0
 		),0
 	)
 	-
 	NVL(PE.WRITTENOFF,0) - NVL(PE.PAID,0)
 ) >0

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LVL 1

Assisted Solution

by:Pooja Katiyar Verma
Pooja Katiyar Verma earned 125 total points
ID: 40205423
It will return PE.OKTOBILL 0 if it's data value is null or any other value apart from 1, If it is 1 then it will compare value of PE.HICFIRST in second decode used-  if year part i.e. to_Char(HICFIRST,'YYYY') is '0000' it will return 0, if not then it will compare PE.BILLED with PE.HICFIRST if PE.BILLED is null or value of both columns matches it will return 0.

The result of above value return is then compared in where clause: whether it is greater then 0 or not
0
 
LVL 48

Accepted Solution

by:
PortletPaul earned 250 total points
ID: 40206877
perhaps as case expressions will help?
WHERE (
       NVL(
            CASE
                  WHEN NVL(PE.OKTOBILL, 0) = 1 THEN
                        CASE
                              WHEN TO_CHAR(PE.HICFIRST, 'YYYY') = '0000' THEN 0
                              ELSE NVL(PE.BILLED, 0) 
                        END
                  ELSE 0 
            END
        , 0)
      - NVL(PE.WRITTENOFF, 0) - NVL(PE.PAID, 0)
      ) > 0

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