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how to create update query based on select query

Hi, lets say I have one table called mytabletest and this table have a lots of collumns and rows but i want to select just the row that have collum  id=10 and base on the result create one update query to update the same row on the same table on another database. So I will copy this update query inside one file and execute this on the other database to update just this id=10. But I don't want to give the others collumns names since is too much, so is there any way to get the collumns names when i am selecting.
1 Solution
Vikas GargBusiness Intelligence DeveloperCommented:

If you don't want to Fire update statement using column name then you can Delete the row in the Destination table and insert from source table but I don't think that it is right way to do this thing.

You can also try Cursor or looping as shown in the below query.
Hope this would help you
rafaelrglAuthor Commented:
I want to use column name, but what I say is the select statment should get those name and build the update query
What version of sql server are you using?
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rafaelrglAuthor Commented:
rafaelrglAuthor Commented:
I did the query i want it.

  This script will generate script to insert/update from a source table in one database to an 
  identical destination table in another database or server.  It can be run for inserts or updates,
  and can be run for a single row in insert and update mode, or all rows in a table for insert mode.

declare @tab varchar(50)
       ,@pk1Val varChar(10)
	   ,@pk1Name varChar(50)
	   ,@qt char(1)
	   ,@StatementType varChar(10)
set nocount on
 1) open script and connect to the source database
 2) Change the  variable values to change the output options for the script below (@tab, @statementtype etc)
 3) execute the script (best to use text output)
 4) copy the script output into a script window, and run on the destination table.

@Tab = the name of the source table
@pk1Val = if selecting a single row or doing an update statement, the value of the primary key for that row
@pk1Name = if inserting a single row or doing an update statement, the name of the column for the primary key
@StatementType = either 'INSERT' to create an insert statement or 'UPDATE' for an Update statement
select @tab = 'mytable', @pk1Val = '', @pk1Name = '', @StatementType = 'INSERT'

declare @tabName varchar(50)
      , @colName varchar(50)
      , @colType varchar(50) 
      , @collength varChar(50)
	  , @colOrder int
	  , @IsIdent char(1)

create table #output (Line varChar(4000), LineOrder int)
create table #ColumnValues (ColName varChar(250), ColOrder int, RowNumber int, ColValue varchar(4000), colType varchar(50))

declare @out varchar(4000)
       ,@lineCounter int
	   ,@ColValue varchar(4000)
	   ,@sortCol varchar(50)

/* get the ordering column */
select @sortCol = sc.Name
from sysobjects so
inner join syscolumns sc
on so.id=  sc.id
inner join systypes st
on sc.xtype = st.xusertype 
where so.Name = @tab
 and ((sc.status = 0x80) OR (ColOrder = 1 and not sc.status = 0x80 ))

/* put in the repeating values based on the columns*/
declare objCurs CURSOR FOR 
select so.name, sc.name, st.name, sc.length, Case when sc.status = 0x80 then 'Y' else 'N' END as IsIdent, ColOrder
from sysobjects so
inner join syscolumns sc
on so.id=  sc.id
inner join systypes st
on sc.xtype = st.xusertype
where so.Name = @tab

DECLARE @counter int, @numCols int, @RowNumber int, @LastRowNumber int, @maxRowNumber int, @maxColOrder int

select @numCols = count(sc.id) 
from sysobjects so
inner join syscolumns sc
on so.id=  sc.id
where so.Name = @tab

--select @numCols  --debug code

open objCurs
Fetch from objCurs
into @tabname, @colName, @colType, @colLength, @isIdent, @colOrder

while @@fetch_status = 0
	SET @counter = 0
	/* get the value from the table */
	if @IsIdent = 'N'
	--select @TabName,@ColName, @ColType, @ColLEngth, @isIdent, @ColOrder  --debug code
		/* increase better type handling by inserting more case statments, handling different data types */
		if datalength(@pk1Name) = 0 or datalength(@pk1Val) = 0
			/* getting all rows in the table */
			exec ('insert into #ColumnValues (ColName, ColOrder, ColValue, ColType) 
					select  ''' + @colName + ''', ' + @ColOrder + ', Convert(nvarchar(4000),' + @colName + ') , ''' + @colType + ''' from ' + @tabName + ' order by ' + @SortCol + ' ' +
				  ' declare @counter int set @counter = 0 ' +
				  ' update #ColumnValues Set @Counter = RowNumber = @Counter + (' + @numCols + ' * 10) where ColName = ''' + @colName + '''' )
			/* filtering by a pk val */
			exec ('insert into #ColumnValues (RowNumber, ColName, ColORder, ColValue, ColType)
					select 0, ''' + @colName + ''', ' + @ColOrder + ', Convert(nvarchar(4000),' + @colName + ') , ''' + @colType + ''' from ' + @tabName + 
				  ' where ' + @pk1Name + ' = ' + @pk1Val) 

	end /* if @isIdent = 'n' */

	Fetch Next from objCurs
	into @tabname, @colName, @colType, @colLength, @IsIdent, @ColOrder

--select * from #ColumnValues --debug code
select @MaxRowNumber = Max(rowNumber) from #columnValues --keep highest row number so we know when we are finished
select @MaxColOrder = max(ColOrder) from #ColumnValues where RowNumber = @MaxRowNumber

/* next cursor for outputting the results from the retval table into the output table */
declare ColVal_Curs  cursor for
select ColName , ColOrder , RowNumber , ColValue , colType 
from #ColumnValues
order by RowNumber, ColOrder

open ColVal_Curs

--set the last row number to the first in the table, so post loop checking works
select @lastRowNumber = min(rowNumber) from #ColumnValues 
set @lineCounter = @LastRowNumber --initialise at the first row

fetch from ColVal_Curs into
@colName, @ColOrder, @RowNumber, @colValue, @ColType

while @@Fetch_status = 0
BEGIN /* cursor loop */

		/* get the quote type to enclose the value from the column type */
		select @qt = case @colType
					 when 'nvarchar' then ''''
					 when 'nchar' then ''''
					 when 'DateTime' then ''''
					 when 'ntext' then ''''
					 else ''  

--select @linecounter, @colName, @ColOrder, @RowNumber, @colValue, @ColType
		if not @ColValue is null 

		if @rowNumber = @lineCounter
			select @out = case @statementType
							when  'UPDATE' THEN 'Update ' + @tab + ' SET '
							when  'INSERT' then 'INSERT INTO ' + @tab + ' ('
			if @StatementType = 'UPDATE' 
				select @Out = @out + @colName + ' = ' + @qt + COALESCE(@ColValue, 'NULL') + @qt + ',' -- + @ColType 
				insert into #output (Line, LineOrder)
				values (@out, @lineCounter)
			if @statementType = 'INSERT' 
				/* put comma in */
				if @lineCounter > @RowNumber --not first line in set of values for row
					select @out = @out + ','
				/*put in the name of the column */
				insert into #output (Line, LineOrder)
				values (@out + @colName
					  , @lineCounter)

				if @lineCounter > @RowNumber --not first line in set of values for row 
					select @out = ','
					select @out = ''
				/* put in the value of the column */
				insert into #output (Line, LineOrder)
				values (@out + @qt + COALESCE(@ColValue, 'NULL') + @qt 
					  , @lineCounter + 10 + @numCols)
		end  /*not @ColValue is null */
	select @lineCounter = @lineCounter + 1
	set @out = ''
/* get the next record*/
	fetch from ColVal_Curs into
	@colName, @ColOrder, @RowNumber, @colValue, @ColType
--select @ColOrder, @MaxColOrder, @@Fetch_Status  --debug code
	if (@rowNumber > @lastRowNumber) or (@RowNumber = @MaxRowNumber and @MaxColOrder = @ColOrder and @@FEtch_Status = -1)
	/* this bit of processing is done whenever the set of columsn in a row changes to the next row of the original table*/
	/* ie we are building a record to insert, and the PK changes because we are at the next record */
		/* remove the last comma from the last line */
		declare @lastLine int

		if @statementType = 'UPDATE'
			/*remove last comma*/
			update #output
			set Line = left(Line,datalength(Line)-1)
			where lineOrder = @LineCounter

			/* insert a 'where' clause */

			insert into #output (line, LineOrder)
			select ' WHERE ' + @pk1Name + ' = ' + @pk1Val, Max(LineOrder) + 1 from #output

		if @statementType = 'INSERT'
			/* put in a 'values' statement between the column names and the column values */
			insert into #output (Line, LineOrder)
			values (') VALUES (', @LastRowNumber + @numCols + 5)
			/* close off the lot */
			insert into #output (line, lineorder)
			select ')', Max(LineOrder) + 1 from #output
		set @lastRowNumber = @RowNumber
		set @lineCounter = @RowNumber  /* reset linecounter for next set */
	End /* if rownumber > last row number */

end /* cursor loop */

close objCurs
deallocate objCurs

close ColVal_Curs
deallocate ColVal_Curs

/* get the statements out from the list*/
select line as [Copy script from output window below] from #output order by lineorder

/*  bug tracking code - uncomment to diagnose problems
select distinct RowNumber from #ColumnValues order by 1
select * from #ColumnValues
order by RowNumber, ColOrder, ColName, ColValue
drop table #output
drop table #ColumnValues
set nocount off

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Attribution for that source is:
 1  /* 
  2    SQL Server Row Script Creator
  3    Bruce Chapman Aug 2006
  4    iFinity.com.au

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Anthony PerkinsCommented:
Attribution for that source is:
Good one!  Why do people do that?  It never ceases to amaze me.  Especially as EE has strict copyright rules that we all agree to when we sign on to this site.
rafaelrglAuthor Commented:
It took too long to help me, so I found the solution myself

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