Issues with Mavericks after installing

I have a 27" iMac that needed a new hard drive.  I downloaded Mavericks from the users account.  The installation went well, but later found out that Preview would not open when I clicked on the icon on the bottom.  It opens on the top toolbar but even that doesn't seem to work well.  Also when I try to open some documents it says that I don't have permission to open documents.   Do I need to re-install Mavericks?   I just made a Time Machine backup, if I bring that back over after re-installing Mavericks, does that bring the issues I am having back over also?
syssolutAsked:
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
Select the HD, Get Info.
Add the user to the permission field, maybe he is there already.
Change Read to Read & Write
In the settings gear, make this user an owner.
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
If you have trouble opening files in the users Home:

Open Applications/Utilities/Terminal
Type:
sudo chown -R johndoe:staff /Users/johndoe/

Hit Enter
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
Let us know if this does not cure some or all of the errors you have.
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
I added user with Read/Write capabilities and that did a lot (one thing corrected), but now how can I get Preview to open when it is clicked on?
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
There are a few things you can try.

Move /Users/UserName/Library/Containers/com.apple.Preview/ to the Desktop

Move these files to the Desktop or the Trash:

(Found in /Users/UserName/Library/Preferences… )
com.apple.Preview.LSSharedFileList.plist
com.apple.Preview.LSSharedFileList.plist.lockfile
com.apple.Preview.plist
com.apple.Preview.plist.lockfile
com.apple.Preview.SandboxedPersistentURLs.LSSharedFileList.plist
com.apple.Preview.SandboxedPersistentURLs.LSSharedFileList.plist.lockfile

If this does not help, Repair Preferences, using Applications/Utilities/Disk Utility

You can even go deeper by using the free Onyx application to really clean and repair. http://www.titanium.free.fr (make sure you choose the correct version for your system.

Last thing I can remember it to restart your mac holding down the R key and reinstall the system. It's a fairly quick and secure way that won't break your current settings. Takes just less than an hour but it would be great to have at least used Onyx before you do that.
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
Library is not showing up under User Name
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
Select the Go menu in Finder and hold down the Alt/Option key. Then Library shows.

If you are using Maverics you can make the ~/Library show in the Show View Options (Cmd+J) .
Furthermore you can in the Terminal write: chflags nohidden ~/Library to make the Library folder be seen all the time.
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
Under Disk Utilities, I don't see Repair Preferences, I see Repair Disk Permissions.  

So if I restart the computer holding the "R" key, it will re-install without losing data or settings?
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
Yes. Actually it won't re-install right away. You will be in control to say yes or no.
All settings will be honored, net and all.
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Sigurdur ArmannssonDesigner Commented:
Oh, and you are right: Repair Disk Permissions. My mistake. (+ I am not native English speaker)
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
I ran Etrecheck and everything is ok except 2 failed issues:  

User Launch Agents:   com.apple.CSConfigDotMacCert-[...]@me.com-SharedServices.Agent.plist
com.apple.CSConfigDotMacCert-[...]@me.com-SharedServices.Agent.plist

Could this be why Preview doesn't open from toolbar on bottom?
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
Thanks for this answer it worked
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