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How can I understand C#'s get; and set; properties conceptually?

chenegar asked
Last Modified: 2014-08-21
I'm teaching myself C# and I've run into a conceptual problem with getters and setters. I know that you use them to encapsulate variables, keeping them private within a class and using them outside of the class. They prevent unwanted changes by methods outside of the class. What I don't understand -- conceptually -- is what they're doing.

For example, the Person class is defined as follows:
class Person
        private string name;
        private byte age;

        public string Name
            get { return name; }
            set { name = value; }
        public byte Age
            get { return age; }
                if (value <= 130)
                    age = value;
        public Person(string personName, byte personAge)
            name = personName;
            age = personAge;

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Then the properties are called with this code in the Program class:
Person john = new Person("John Doe", 24);

Console.WriteLine("Name :{0}", john.Name);

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How can I describe this in English? Everything I've come across uses code and it doesn't make it any clearer to me. When the code in the Program class calls the Name property, does Name get the name (John Doe) from the john instance? Or is it getting it from the Person method?

I know set can be used to test a value, as the property Age does. Does set then give the value back to get to return to the Program class?

I stumble over get and set every time I try to read through code, so I'd greatly appreciate whatever you experts can do to help me sort this out.
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