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T-SQL Commands

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Last Modified: 2014-08-15
I’m trying to write T-SQL command(s) that will copy data from a database with some normalized tables to two new tables in the same database.

The purpose of the employee database is to maintain the data used to track information about the work performed by the employees and the supervisor.

I need help writing the query that will copy data from the existing EmpTimesheet table into the new Task Occurrences table. The query will also copy data from the new Task Occurrences table and the existing Trusts and Topics tables into the new Employee Tasks table. Any help with the code will be greatly appreciated.

TABLES
The code shown below creates the tables.

-- Tables in existing database
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblEmployees](
	[EmployeeID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[eFirstName] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[eLastName] [nvarchar](50) NULL
---------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblEmpTimesheet](
	[etEmpTimesheetID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[etDate] [datetime] NULL,
	[etStartTime] [datetime] NULL,
	[etEndTime] [datetime] NULL,
	[mhEffort] [nvarchar](max) NULL,
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NULL,
	[EmployeeID] [int] NULL
----------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblmtsSubjects](
	[mtsSubjectID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[mtsSubject] [nvarchar](50) NULL
----------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblmtsTopics](
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[tblmtsTopic] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[mtsSubjectID] [int] NULL
---------------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblTmshtAccomplshmts](
	[TmshtAccomplshmtID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[tmshAcName] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[tmshAccomplshmt] [nvarchar](150) NULL,
	[tmshDetailName_1] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[tmshDetail_1] [nvarchar](max) NULL,
	[tmshDetailName_2] [int] NULL,
	[tmshDetail_2] [nvarchar](max) NULL
--------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblTrusts](
	[TrustID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[Trust] [nvarchar](50) NULL
------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblEmpTmshtAccomplshmts_Tmsht_Link](
	[TmshtAccomplshmtID] [int] NULL,
	[etEmpTimesheetID] [int] NULL,
	[TrustID] [int] NULL,
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NULL
	 ------------------------------------
	 -- Tables in new database
	 
	 CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblTasks](
	[TaskID] [int] NOT NULL,
	[TaskName] [nvarchar](50) NULL,
	[TaskDescription] [nvarchar](150) NULL
	------------------------------------------
	CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblEmployeeTasks](
	[TmshtAccomplshmtID] [int] NULL,
	[etEmpTimesheetID] [int] NULL,
	[TrustID] [int] NULL,
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NULL
		------------------------------------------
	CREATE TABLE [dbo].[tblTaskOccurrences](
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] NULL,
	[TaskOccurDate] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurStartTime] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurEndTime] [datetime] NULL

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QUERIES
The code shown below contains comments that indicate the source and destination tables.

-- Copy data into the the new Task Occurrences table. Copy data from the existing EmpTimesheet table.
DECLARE @tblTaskOccurrences TABLE (
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
	[TaskOccurDate] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurStartTime] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurEndTime] [datetime] NULL
)

INSERT INTO @tblTaskOccurrences
	(TaskOccurrenceID,
	TaskOccurDate,
	TaskOccurStartTime ,
	TaskOccurEndTime
	)
SELECT etDate, etStartTime, etEndTime
FROM tblEmpTimesheet


-- Copy data into the new Employee Tasks table. Copy data from the existing EmpTimesheet, Trusts and Topics tables into the new Employee Tasks table. Copy data from the new Task Occurrences table into the new Employee Tasks table.
DECLARE @EmployeeTasks TABLE (
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] NULL,
	[etEmpTimesheetID] [int] NULL,
	[TrustID] [int] NULL,
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NULL
)

INSERT INTO @tblEmployeeTasks
	(TaskOccurrenceID,
	etEmpTimesheetID ,
	TrustID ,
	mstsTopicID
	)
--Existing Emp Timesheet table
SELECT etDate, etStartTime, etEndTime
FROM tblEmpTimesheet
UNION ALL
--New Task Occurrences table
SELECT TaskOccurrenceID, 
FROM tblTaskOccurrences
UNION ALL
--Existing Trusts table
SELECT TrustID, 
FROM tblTrusts
UNION ALL
--Existing Topics table
SELECT mstsTopicID, 
FROM tblmtsTopics

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The error message shown below occurs after the following query is executed:

-- Copy data into the the new Task Occurrences table. Copy data from the existing EmpTimesheet table.
DECLARE @tblTaskOccurrences TABLE (
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
	[TaskOccurDate] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurStartTime] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurEndTime] [datetime] NULL
)

INSERT INTO @tblTaskOccurrences
	(TaskOccurrenceID,
	TaskOccurDate,
	TaskOccurStartTime ,
	TaskOccurEndTime
	)
SELECT etDate, etStartTime, etEndTime
FROM tblEmpTimesheet

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Error:
Msg 120, Level 15, State 1, Line 8
The select list for the INSERT statement contains fewer items than the insert list. The number of SELECT values must match the number of INSERT columns.


The code shown below is incomplete. I need help with the query.

-- Copy data into the new Employee Tasks table. Copy data from the existing EmpTimesheet, Trusts and Topics tables into the new Employee Tasks table. Copy data from the new Task Occurrences table into the new Employee Tasks table.
DECLARE @EmployeeTasks TABLE (
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] NULL,
	[etEmpTimesheetID] [int] NULL,
	[TrustID] [int] NULL,
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NULL
)

INSERT INTO @tblEmployeeTasks
	(TaskOccurrenceID,
	etEmpTimesheetID ,
	TrustID ,
	mstsTopicID
	)
--Existing Emp Timesheet table
SELECT etDate, etStartTime, etEndTime
FROM tblEmpTimesheet
UNION ALL
--New Task Occurrences table
SELECT TaskOccurrenceID, 
FROM tblTaskOccurrences
UNION ALL
--Existing Trusts table
SELECT TrustID, 
FROM tblTrusts
UNION ALL
--Existing Topics table
SELECT mstsTopicID, 
FROM tblmtsTopics

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Comment
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Jim HornSQL Server Data Dude
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Jim HornSQL Server Data Dude
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Most Valuable Expert 2013
Author of the Year 2015

Commented:
Also, in the UNION ALL block, all SELECT clauses in the UNION must match.
Explain in more detail what you're trying to pull off there.

Author

Commented:
Jim Horn, I ran the query shown below and received a "(478 row(s) affected)" message. However, when I run the select * from tblTaskOccurrences query, it shows an empty table. Why is the table empty?

Copy data from the existing EmpTimesheet table.
DECLARE @tblTaskOccurrences TABLE (
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] IDENTITY(1,1) PRIMARY KEY NOT NULL,
	[TaskOccurDate] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurStartTime] [datetime] NULL,
	[TaskOccurEndTime] [datetime] NULL
)

INSERT INTO @tblTaskOccurrences
	(TaskOccurDate,
	TaskOccurStartTime ,
	TaskOccurEndTime
	)
SELECT etDate, etStartTime, etEndTime
FROM tblEmpTimesheet

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One of the purposes of the query shown below is to copy existing data into the new Employee Tasks table. The existing Emp Timesheet table contains the employee  start times and end times. I am trying to copy the primary key (etEmpTimesheetID) for each record into the new Employee Tasks table.

I am also trying to copy the primary key for the existing Trusts and Topics tables into the new Employee Tasks table.

Finally, I am trying to copy the primary key for the new Task Occurrences table into the new Employee Tasks table.

DECLARE @EmployeeTasks TABLE (
	[TaskOccurrenceID] [int] NULL,
	[etEmpTimesheetID] [int] NULL,
	[TrustID] [int] NULL,
	[mstsTopicID] [int] NULL
)

INSERT INTO @tblEmployeeTasks
	(TaskOccurrenceID,
	etEmpTimesheetID ,
	TrustID ,
	mstsTopicID
	)
--Existing Emp Timesheet table
SELECT etDate, etStartTime, etEndTime
FROM tblEmpTimesheet
UNION ALL
--New Task Occurrences table
SELECT TaskOccurrenceID, 
FROM tblTaskOccurrences
UNION ALL
--Existing Trusts table
SELECT TrustID, 
FROM tblTrusts
UNION ALL
--Existing Topics table
SELECT mstsTopicID, 
FROM tblmtsTopics

Open in new window

Jim HornSQL Server Data Dude
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Most Valuable Expert 2013
Author of the Year 2015
Commented:
This one is on us!
(Get your first solution completely free - no credit card required)
UNLOCK SOLUTION
EE Topic Advisor
CERTIFIED EXPERT
Most Valuable Expert 2014
Awarded 2013
Commented:
This one is on us!
(Get your first solution completely free - no credit card required)
UNLOCK SOLUTION
Olaf DoschkeSoftware Developer
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Commented:
This one is on us!
(Get your first solution completely free - no credit card required)
UNLOCK SOLUTION
awking00Information Technology Specialist
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Commented:
This one is on us!
(Get your first solution completely free - no credit card required)
UNLOCK SOLUTION

Author

Commented:
Thank you, Jim Horn, Olaf_Doschke, PortletPaul and awking00.

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