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Use an XSLT variable to access an element in a specific part of an XML tree

Posted on 2014-09-03
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Last Modified: 2014-09-03
I'm using XSLT 1.0 (with lxml.etree and Python) to transform XML.  I can use "http://exslt.org/" extensions (common, strings and so on), but not XSLT 2.0.

The input XML has two main sections - a series of nested rules which have name="xxx" attributes, and a set of mappings that extend the definition of each "xxx".  The XML look like:
<process>
    <rules>
        <generalrule>
            <onerule name="xxx" startval="1" endval="5" maptype="full"/>
            <onerule name="yyy" startval="1" endval="5" maptype="full"/>
        </generalrule>
        <otherrule>
            <thisrule name="yyy" startval="1" endval="5" maptype="partial"/>
        </otherrule>
    </rules>
    <maps>
        <onemap name="xxx" attr1="8">
        <onemap name="yyy" attr1="4">
    </maps>
</process>

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As you can see, the rule names can appear multiple times in the "rules" section, but will only appear once in the "maps" section.  The format is fixed - I'd love to change it but cannot.

I already have code in my templates which gets a map entry when parsing an entry from the main rules section, assuming that the element has a "name=" attribute:
<xsl:variable name="myattr1" select="/process/maps/onemap[@name = current()/@name]/@attr1" />

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and I can then use the $myattr1 variable in the rest of the template.

What I am trying to do now is to get the attr1 attribute for an entry based on a variable name, not on being the current rule being parsed.  The variable value is actually being extracted from another attribute which has a comma-separated string of map names.

What do I need to replace the "[@name = current()/@name]" section with, to base the selection on the values of, say, the $first xsl variable?  Or do I need to do this a different way?

I have tried the simplistic ways - "[@name = $first]", "[@name = $first/@name]" and so on, and have tried using select="dyn:evaluate('/process/maps/onemap[@name = $first]/@name')"  (after adding xmlns:dyn="http://exslt.org/dynamic" to the stylesheet header).  They all either return nothing, or an evaluation error.  I keep thinking that there is something obvious that I am missing.
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Question by:simon3270
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6 Comments
 
LVL 60

Assisted Solution

by:Geert Bormans
Geert Bormans earned 500 total points
ID: 40301479
for that we have keys

keys put an index on elements in the document.
Fetching the element after is cheap

declare a key at the top level of your stylesheet
   <xsl:key name="map" match="maps/onemap" use="@name"/>

and use it like this
    <xsl:template match="onerule">
        <xsl:value-of select="key('map', @name)/@attr1"></xsl:value-of>
    </xsl:template>
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LVL 60

Assisted Solution

by:Geert Bormans
Geert Bormans earned 500 total points
ID: 40301505
Ah OK, I think I missed one thing here.
Bottom line: use the key to not having to use variables

If the name of the attribute you need is in the $first variable

<xsl:value-of select="key('map', @name)/@*[name() = $first]"></xsl:value-of>

Try to avoid dynamic XPath at ALL cost
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LVL 19

Author Comment

by:simon3270
ID: 40301539
It's not the name of the attribute that is is in $first, but the value of the "name=" in the maps/onemap elements, e.g. if $first contains "yyy", we want the value in
     /process/maps/onemap[@name = yyy]/@attr1
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LVL 60

Accepted Solution

by:
Geert Bormans earned 500 total points
ID: 40301626
In the template you don't need a variable, but you can address the attribute in its context, as I showed in my first response
<xsl:value-of select="key('map', @name)/@attr1"></xsl:value-of>
or alternatively
<xsl:value-of select="key('map', $first)/@attr1"></xsl:value-of>
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LVL 19

Author Closing Comment

by:simon3270
ID: 40302187
Geert, as always, masterful!  I'm still getting to grips with XSLT (it's not easy getting an old C hacker to use functional programming!), but your answers are a great teaching aid.  Many thanks.
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LVL 60

Expert Comment

by:Geert Bormans
ID: 40302220
Welcome (and don't worry, you will be fine, I started off as a C-hacker as well :-)
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