Class D subnets

I have seen online , where they mention Class D:
CIDR block
Range: Network - Broadcast -

I am not sure why it goes from 224 to 239. How did they come up with it ? since it is /4 as notation?

On this link:
they even say Netmask =

Confusing to me

Thank you
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Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
Class D was a reserved section of IP addresses.  This page might help.  This page from IANA shows it is still reserved.

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jskfanAuthor Commented:
was just looking on youtube....
it says  class D uses first 4 bits 1110...  which means 224 and 1111 is 240
Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
That's what my links say also.
IP is a binary notation where the first 4-bits of the first octet decides which class the IP address will fall into.

Here is the rule

Class A - First octet has to be between 0000 0000 - 0111 1111 - in decimal 0 - 127 ( 127 is reserved for loopback)
Class B - First octet has to be between 1000 0000 - 1011 1111 - in decimal 128 - 191
Class C - First octet has to be between 1100 0000 - 1101 1111 - in decimal 192 - 223
Class D - First octet has to be between 1110 0000 - 1110 1111 - in decimal 224 - 239
Class E - First octet has to be between 1111 0000 - 1111 1111 - in decimal 240 - 255

Class D will be the IP addresses where the first bit is between 1110 0000 - 1110 1111 that is 224 - 239.
jskfanAuthor Commented:
Thank you Guys
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