CInternetException not disposed automatically

I have written a piece of code, that is calling a URL and storing the input in a CString. All this is done inside a try-catch(...) block.

When checking for memory leaks I have noticed, that CInternetException objects were remaining in memory. So I had to modify the catch to

catch (CInternetException *e)
{ e->Delete();

I don't understand why this is necessary. Is there anything special about the CInternetSession and CHttpConnection objects, so that the undefined catch is not disposing the exception objects automatically?

Thanks in advance!
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trinitrotolueneDirector - Software EngineeringCommented:
are you calling close() on the Internet session you create?
trinitrotolueneDirector - Software EngineeringCommented:
I don't know what you mean by undefined catch but I'm assuming you mean the catch all block

you can't expect the catch(...) to clean up memory. It catches all exceptions. Within a catch block you can do anything you please, rethrow the exception, ignore it or transform it in someway
The compiler does not generate code to look out for a CInternetException object if you don't tell it to. So you need to catch the CInternetException object by reference and even then you can't expect to clean itself up unless you explicitly do it via a call to delete
trinitrotolueneDirector - Software EngineeringCommented:
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WHAuthor Commented:
I still don't understand why after an exception was caught by a catch all block the exception object is remaining in memory after leaving the catch block. In the examples on the Microsoft site the CInternetException isn't handled with delete before leaving the catch block. Before disposing the Internet session object I am closing the session.
>>I still don't understand why after an exception was caught by a catch all block the exception object is remaining in memory
>>after leaving the catch block.

That is because a 'CInternetException*' (a pointer) is thrown and caught. If that was a 'CInternetException&', the 'Delete()' call wouldn't be necessary, but at the time WinInet and the corresponding MFC classes were conceived, C++ was just closing in to be standardized (1998). I am pretty sure that the guys at MS nowadays would use a 'CInternetException&', but the pointer consrtuct is kept for backwards compatibility.
trinitrotolueneDirector - Software EngineeringCommented:
jkr is right.

if you throw by pointer then throw a smart pointer else the recommended way is to throw by value and catch by reference
WHAuthor Commented:
Thanks jkr!

How do I dispose exceptions caught in a catch all (catch(...)) block?
trinitrotolueneDirector - Software EngineeringCommented:
if you catch by reference then the compiler takes care of doing the cleanup.

A catch all block shouldn't be the only catch block in the catch hierarchy. Still if you don't know what exceptions to catch like I said you will need to wrap your exceptions using a guard pattern or a smart pointer so that they get cleaned up appropriately
trinitrotolueneDirector - Software EngineeringCommented:
typically the ellipsis catch handler (...) should only be used to rethrow the exception to a more appropriate handler

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