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add a custom function to excel

Posted on 2014-09-25
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Last Modified: 2014-09-26
MonthName( number, [ abbreviate ] ) I am looking to somehow get this VBA function into excel as a custom function
Can anyone help?
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Question by:Serena2345
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6 Comments
 
LVL 49

Accepted Solution

by:
Martin Liss earned 668 total points
ID: 40345045
MonthName is built into Excel. Here's an explanation. If you already know that then please explain further what you need.
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Assisted Solution

by:johnb25
johnb25 earned 664 total points
ID: 40345107
Serena,

Paste this into a module in your Personal.xlsx workbook:
Public Function NameMth(MonthNo As Long) As String

NameMth = MonthName(MonthNo)

End Function

Open in new window


Then in Excel type =NameMth(3) and the formula returns March.

John
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LVL 24

Assisted Solution

by:Steve
Steve earned 668 total points
ID: 40345485
Is there a real need for a custom function?
You can use the TEXT function as below:

=TEXT("25/" & 1 &"/2014","mmmm")
You can use a cell ref in place of the 1 in the middle (this is the month number).
"mmmm" = full month name
"mmm" = short month name

A lot of users prefer not to receive workbooks with VBA.
A lot of IT departments do not like VBA in workbooks either.
So there is an argument to avoid VBA User Defined Functions.

In VBA you can use Format("25/" & 1 & "/2014", "mmmm")
FORMAT can be quite versatile in VBA

ATB
Steve
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LVL 14

Expert Comment

by:frankhelk
ID: 40345585
I agree to the anwers who recommend to avoid custom functions ... On the other side I see the use in a functional example, and I won't spare the opportunity to give one to those who wnat to implement a custom function - even if only for educational purpose:

To add some fine art to the Example of johnb25, I would add some parameter check to the function and return a proper error code - the code below would return a #Value! error if the month number is out of the desired range [1...12]:
Public Function NameMth(MonthNo As Long) As Variant

If (MonthNo < 1 ) Or (MontNo > 12) then
   NameMth = CVErr(xlErrValue)
Else
  NameMth = MonthName(MonthNo)
End If

End Function

Open in new window

See here for some more info about returning errors to Excel from VBA.
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LVL 24

Expert Comment

by:Steve
ID: 40345605
frank... typo on line 3...

'MontNo' should read 'MonthNo'

;)
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Expert Comment

by:James Elliott
ID: 40345689
Another formula solution:

=IFERROR(CHOOSE(A1,"January","February","March","April","May","June","July","August","September","October","November","December"),"")

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