Passing large string to Stored Procedure

Hi,

I'm trying to pass the following to a procedure where it is extracted into a table of integers. There a 2636 integers within this string and the parameter type on the SP is set to varchar(max) but when I run it, I get an error 'Incorrect syntax near '17''

String passed to varchar(MAX):

1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49,50,51,52,53,54,55,56,57,58,59,60,61,62,63,64,65,66,67,68,69,70,71,72,73,74,75,76,77,78,79,80,81,82,83,84,85,86,87,88,89,90,91,92,93,94,95,96,97,98,99,100,101,102,103,104,105,106,107,108,109,110,111,112,113,114,115,116,117,118,119,120,121,122,123,124,125,126,127,128,129,130,131,132,133,134,135,136,137,138,139,140,141,142,143,144,145,146,147,148,149,150,151,152,153,154,155,156,157,158,159,160,161,162,163,164,165,166,167,168,169,170,171,172,173,174,175,176,177,178,179,180,181,182,183,184,185,186,187,188,189,190,191,192,193,194,195,196,197,198,199,200,201,202,203,204,205,206,207,208,209,210,211,212,213,214,215,216,217,218,219,220,221,222,223,224,225,226,227,228,229,230,231,232,233,234,235,236,237,238,239,240,241,242,243,244,245,246,247,248,249,250,251,252,253,254,255,256,257,258,259,260,261,262,263,264,265,266,267,268,269,270,271,272,273,274,275,276,277,278,279,280,281,282,283,284,285,286,287,288,289,290,291,292,293,294,295,296,297,298,299,300,301,302,303,304,305,306,307,308,309,310,311,312,313,314,315,316,317,318,319,320,321,322,323,324,325,326,327,328,329,330,331,332,333,334,335,336,337,338,339,340,341,342,343,344,345,346,347,348,349,350,351,352,353,354,355,356,357,358,359,360,361,362,363,364,365,366,367,368,369,370,371,372,373,374,375,376,377,378,379,380,381,382,383,384,385,386,387,388,389,390,391,392,393,394,395,396,397,398,399,400,401,402,403,404,405,406,407,408,409,410,411,412,413,414,415,416,417,418,419,420,421,422,423,424,425,426,427,428,429,430,431,432,433,434,435,436,437,438,439,440,441,442,443,444,445,446,447,448,449,450,451,452,453,454,455,456,457,458,459,460,461,462,463,464,465,466,467,468,469,470,471,472,473,474,475,476,477,478,479,480,481,482,483,484,485,486,487,488,489,490,491,492,493,494,495,496,497,498,499,500,501,502,503,504,505,506,507,508,509,510,511,512,513,514,515,516,517,518,519,520,521,522,523,524,525,526,527,528,529,530,531,532,533,534,535,536,537,538,539,540,541,542,543,544,545,546,547,548,549,550,551,552,553,554,555,556,557,558,559,560,561,562,563,564,565,566,567,568,569,570,571,572,573,574,575,576,577,578,579,580,581,582,583,584,585,586,587,588,589,590,591,592,593,594,595,596,597,598,599,600,601,602,603,604,605,606,607,608,609,610,611,612,613,614,615,616,617,618,619,620,621,622,623,624,625,626,627,628,629,630,631,632,633,634,635,636,637,638,639,640,641,642,643,644,645,646,647,648,649,650,651,652,653,654,655,656,657,658,659,660,661,662,663,664,665,666,667,668,669,670,671,672,673,674,675,676,677,678,679,680,681,682,683,684,685,686,687,688,689,690,691,692,693,694,695,696,697,698,699,700,701,702,703,704,705,706,707,708,709,710,711,712,713,714,715,716,717,718,719,720,721,722,723,724,725,726,727,728,729,730,731,732,733,734,735,736,737,738,739,740,741,742,743,744,745,746,747,748,749,750,751,752,753,754,755,756,757,758,759,760,761,762,763,764,765,766,767,768,769,770,771,772,773,774,775,776,777,778,779,780,781,782,783,784,785,786,787,788,789,790,791,792,793,794,795,796,797,798,799,800,801,802,803,804,805,806,807,808,809,810,811,812,813,814,815,816,817,818,819,820,821,822,823,824,825,826,827,828,829,830,831,832,833,834,835,836,837,838,839,840,841,842,843,844,845,846,847,848,849,850,851,852,853,854,855,856,857,858,859,860,861,862,863,864,865,866,867,868,869,870,871,872,873,874,875,876,877,878,879,880,881,882,883,884,885,886,887,888,889,890,891,892,893,894,895,896,897,898,899,900,901,902,903,904,905,906,907,908,909,910,911,912,913,914,915,916,917,918,919,920,921,922,923,924,925,926,927,928,929,930,931,932,933,934,935,936,937,938,939,940,941,942,943,944,945,946,947,948,949,950,951,952,953,954,955,956,957,958,959,960,961,962,963,964,965,966,967,968,969,970,971,972,973,974,975,976,977,978,979,980,981,982,983,984,985,986,987,988,989,990,991,992,993,994,995,996,997,998,999,1000,1001,1002,1003,1004,1005,1006,1007,1008,1009,1010,1011,1012,1013,1014,1015,1016,1017,1018,1019,1020,1021,1022,1023,1024,1025,1026,1027,1028,1029,1030,1031,1032,1033,1034,1035,1036,1037,1038,1039,1040,1041,1042,1043,1044,1045,1046,1047,1048,1049,1050,1051,1052,1053,1054,1055,1056,1057,1058,1059,1060,1061,1062,1063,1064,1065,1066,1067,1068,1069,1070,1071,1072,1073,1074,1075,1076,1077,1078,1079,1080,1081,1082,1083,1084,1085,1086,1087,1088,1089,1090,1091,1092,1093,1094,1095,1096,1097,1098,1099,1100,1101,1102,1103,1104,1105,1106,1107,1108,1109,1110,1111,1112,1113,1114,1115,1116,1117,1118,1119,1120,1121,1122,1123,1124,1125,1126,1127,1128,1129,1130,1131,1132,1133,1134,1135,1136,1137,1138,1139,1140,1141,1142,1143,1144,1145,1146,1147,1148,1149,1150,1151,1152,1153,1154,1155,1156,1157,1158,1159,1160,1161,1162,1163,1164,1165,1166,1167,1168,1169,1170,1171,1172,1173,1174,1175,1176,1177,1178,1179,1180,1181,1182,1183,1184,1185,1186,1187,1188,1189,1190,1191,1192,1193,1194,1195,1196,1197,1198,1199,1200,1201,1202,1203,1204,1205,1206,1207,1208,1209,1210,1211,1212,1213,1214,1215,1216,1217,1218,1219,1220,1221,1222,1223,1224,1225,1226,1227,1228,1229,1230,1231,1232,1233,1234,1235,1236,1237,1238,1239,1240,1241,1242,1243,1244,1245,1246,1247,1248,1249,1250,1251,1252,1253,1254,1255,1256,1257,1258,1259,1260,1261,1262,1263,1264,1265,1266,1267,1268,1269,1270,1271,1272,1273,1274,1275,1276,1277,1278,1279,1280,1281,1282,1283,1284,1285,1286,1287,1288,1289,1290,1291,1292,1293,1294,1295,1296,1297,1298,1299,1300,1301,1302,1303,1304,1305,1306,1307,1308,1309,1310,1311,1312,1313,1314,1315,1316,1317,1318,1319,1320,1321,1322,1323,1324,1325,1326,1327,1328,1329,1330,1331,1332,1333,1334,1335,1336,1337,1338,1339,1340,1341,1342,1343,1344,1345,1346,1347,1348,1349,1350,1351,1352,1353,1354,1355,1356,1357,1358,1359,1360,1361,1362,1363,1364,1365,1366,1367,1368,1369,1370,1371,1372,1373,1374,1375,1376,1377,1378,1379,1380,1381,1382,1383,1384,1385,1386,1387,1388,1389,1390,1391,1392,1393,1394,1395,1396,1397,1398,1399,1400,1401,1402,1403,1404,1405,1406,1407,1408,1409,1410,1411,1412,1413,1414,1415,1416,1417,1418,1419,1420,1421,1422,1423,1424,1425,1426,1427,1428,1429,1430,1431,1432,1433,1434,1435,1436,1437,1438,1439,1440,1441,1442,1443,1444,1445,1446,1447,1448,1449,1450,1451,1452,1453,1454,1455,1456,1457,1458,1459,1460,1461,1462,1463,1464,1465,1466,1467,1468,1469,1470,1471,1472,1473,1474,1475,1476,1477,1478,1479,1480,1481,1482,1483,1484,1485,1486,1487,1488,1489,1490,1491,1492,1493,1494,1495,1496,1497,1498,1499,1500,1501,1502,1503,1504,1505,1506,1507,1508,1509,1510,1511,1512,1513,1514,1515,1516,1517,1518,1519,1520,1521,1522,1523,1524,1525,1526,1527,1528,1529,1530,1531,1532,1533,1534,1535,1536,1537,1538,1539,1540,1541,1542,1543,1544,1545,1546,1547,1548,1549,1550,1551,1552,1553,1554,1555,1556,1557,1558,1559,1560,1561,1562,1563,1564,1565,1566,1567,1568,1569,1570,1571,1572,1573,1574,1575,1576,1577,1578,1579,1580,1581,1582,1583,1584,1585,1586,1587,1588,1589,1590,1591,1592,1593,1594,1595,1596,1597,1598,1599,1600,1601,1602,1603,1604,1605,1606,1607,1608,1609,1610,1611,1612,1613,1614,1615,1616,1617,1618,1619,1620,1621,1622,1623,1624,1625,1626,1627,1628,1629,1630,1631,1632,1633,1634,1635,1636,1637,1638,1639,1640,1641,1642,1643,1644,1645,1646,1647,1648,1649,1650,1651,1652,1653,1654,1655,1656,1657,1658,1659,1660,1661,1662,1663,1664,1665,1666,1667,1668,1669,1670,1671,1672,1673,1674,1675,1676,1677,1678,1679,1680,1681,1682,1683,1684,1685,1686,1687,1688,1689,1690,1691,1692,1693,1694,1695,1696,1697,1698,1699,1700,1701,1702,1703,1704,1705,1706,1707,1708,1709,1710,1711,1712,1713,1714,1715,1716,1717,1718,1719,1720,1721,1722,1723,1724,1725,1726,1727,1728,1729,1730,1731,1732,1733,1734,1735,1736,1737,1738,1739,1740,1741,1742,1743,1744,1745,1746,1747,1748,1749,1750,1751,1752,1753,1754,1755,1756,1757,1758,1759,1760,1761,1762,1763,1764,1765,1766,1767,1768,1769,1770,1771,1772,1773,1774,1775,1776,1777,1778,1779,1780,1781,1782,1783,1784,1785,1786,1787,1788,1789,1790,1791,1792,1793,1794,1795,1796,1797,1798,1799,1800,1801,1802,1803,1804,1805,1806,1807,1808,1809,1810,1811,1812,1813,1814,1815,1816,1817,1818,1819,1820,1821,1822,1823,1824,1825,1826,1827,1828,1829,1830,1831,1832,1833,1834,1835,1836,1837,1838,1839,1840,1841,1842,1843,1844,1845,1846,1847,1848,1849,1850,1851,1852,1853,1854,1855,1856,1857,1858,1859,1860,1861,1862,1863,1864,1865,1866,1867,1868,1869,1870,1871,1872,1873,1874,1875,1876,1877,1878,1879,1880,1881,1882,1883,1884,1885,1886,1887,1888,1889,1890,1891,1892,1893,1894,1895,1896,1897,1898,1899,1900,1901,1902,1903,1904,1905,1906,1907,1908,1909,1910,1911,1912,1913,1914,1915,1916,1917,1918,1919,1920,1921,1922,1923,1924,1925,1926,1927,1928,1929,1930,1931,1932,1933,1934,1935,1936,1937,1938,1939,1940,1941,1942,1943,1944,1945,1946,1947,1948,1949,1950,1951,1952,1953,1954,1955,1956,1957,1958,1959,1960,1961,1962,1963,1964,1965,1966,1967,1968,1969,1970,1971,1972,1973,1974,1975,1976,1977,1978,1979,1980,1981,1982,1983,1984,1985,1986,1987,1988,1989,1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012,2013,2014,2015,2016,2017,2018,2019,2020,2021,2022,2023,2024,2025,2026,2027,2028,2029,2030,2031,2032,2033,2034,2035,2036,2037,2038,2039,2040,2041,2042,2043,2044,2045,2046,2047,2048,2049,2050,2051,2052,2053,2054,2055,2056,2057,2058,2059,2060,2061,2062,2063,2064,2065,2066,2067,2068,2069,2070,2071,2072,2073,2074,2075,2076,2077,2078,2079,2080,2081,2082,2083,2084,2085,2086,2087,2088,2089,2090,2091,2092,2093,2094,2095,2096,2097,2098,2099,2100,2101,2102,2103,2104,2105,2106,2107,2108,2109,2110,2111,2112,2113,2114,2115,2116,2117,2118,2119,2120,2121,2122,2123,2124,2125,2126,2127,2128,2129,2130,2131,2132,2133,2134,2135,2136,2137,2138,2139,2140,2141,2142,2143,2144,2145,2146,2147,2148,2149,2150,2151,2152,2153,2154,2155,2156,2157,2158,2159,2160,2161,2162,2163,2164,2165,2166,2167,2168,2169,2170,2171,2172,2173,2174,2175,2176,2177,2178,2179,2180,2181,2182,2183,2184,2185,2186,2187,2188,2189,2190,2191,2192,2193,2194,2195,2196,2197,2198,2199,2200,2201,2202,2203,2204,2205,2206,2207,2208,2209,2210,2211,2212,2213,2214,2215,2216,2217,2218,2219,2220,2221,2222,2223,2224,2225,2226,2227,2228,2229,2230,2231,2232,2233,2234,2235,2236,2237,2238,2239,2240,2241,2242,2243,2244,2245,2246,2247,2248,2249,2250,2251,2252,2253,2254,2255,2256,2257,2258,2259,2260,2261,2262,2263,2264,2265,2266,2267,2268,2269,2270,2271,2272,2273,2274,2275,2276,2277,2278,2279,2280,2281,2282,2283,2284,2285,2286,2287,2288,2289,2290,2291,2292,2293,2294,2295,2296,2297,2298,2299,2300,2301,2302,2303,2304,2305,2306,2307,2308,2309,2310,2311,2312,2313,2314,2315,2316,2317,2318,2319,2320,2321,2322,2323,2324,2325,2326,2327,2328,2329,2330,2331,2332,2333,2334,2335,2336,2337,2338,2339,2340,2341,2342,2343,2344,2345,2346,2347,2348,2349,2350,2351,2352,2353,2354,2355,2356,2357,2358,2359,2360,2361,2362,2363,2364,2365,2366,2367,2368,2369,2370,2371,2372,2373,2374,2375,2376,2377,2378,2379,2380,2381,2382,2383,2384,2385,2386,2387,2388,2389,2390,2391,2392,2393,2394,2395,2396,2397,2398,2399,2400,2401,2402,2403,2404,2405,2406,2407,2408,2409,2410,2411,2412,2413,2414,2415,2416,2417,2418,2419,2420,2421,2422,2423,2424,2425,2426,2427,2428,2429,2430,2431,2432,2433,2434,2435,2436,2437,2438,2439,2440,2441,2442,2443,2444,2445,2446,2447,2448,2449,2450,2451,2452,2453,2454,2455,2456,2457,2458,2459,2460,2461,2462,2463,2464,2465,2466,2467,2468,2469,2470,2471,2472,2473,2474,2475,2476,2477,2478,2479,2480,2481,2482,2483,2484,2485,2486,2487,2488,2489,2490,2491,2492,2493,2494,2495,2496,2497,2498,2499,2500,2501,2502,2503,2504,2505,2506,2507,2508,2509,2510,2511,2512,2513,2514,2515,2516,2517,2518,2519,2520,2521,2522,2523,2524,2525,2526,2527,2528,2529,2530,2531,2532,2533,2534,2535,2536,2537,2538,2539,2540,2541,2542,2543,2544,2545,2546,2547,2548,2549,2550,2551,2552,2553,2554,2555,2556,2557,2558,2559,2560,2561,2562,2563,2564,2565,2566,2567,2568,2569,2570,2571,2572,2573,2574,2575,2576,2577,2578,2579,2580,2581,2582,2583,2584,2585,2586,2587,2588,2589,2590,2591,2592,2593,2594,2595,2596,2597,2598,2599,2600,2601,2602,2603,2604,2605,2606,2607,2608,2609,2610,2611,2612,2613,2614,2615,2616,2617,2618,2619,2620,2621,2622,2623,2624,2625,2626,2627,2628,2629,2630,2631,2632,2633,2634,2635,2636

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Is there a better way to do this?
LVL 1
wint100Asked:
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
it depends...
question is: where does this data come from
the syntax error you get is because you cannot assign such a large value at one in the SQL, so you would have to build it up.

hence, if you have to build it up anyhow, it shall come from a table or some other external source?

you could do this:
declare @x varchar(max)
set @x = '1,2,3,4 ...'
set @x = @x + ',5,6,7,8... '
-- etc --
exec yourproc @x

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0
wint100Author Commented:
The data is passed from an ASP.NET server side code. I'm using C# to build the CSV and pass it to the SQL SP.
0
Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
Then the c# code is not building the parameter correctly. see here:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.data.sqlclient.sqlparameter%28v=vs.110%29.aspx
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/yy6y35y8%28v=vs.110%29.aspx
the main "issue" for large data types is the "size" value, which is usually still "maxed" at 4000 or 8000.
hence, either set to -1 or try to set the actual length of the string
cmd.Parameters.Add("@x", SqlDbType.VarChar, -1).Value =  your_csv;
cmd.Parameters.Add("@x", SqlDbType.VarChar, your_csv.Length).Value =  your_csv;

please show the relevant code if above does not help to solve the issue
0
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wint100Author Commented:
Code is below, you can see that previously I'd defined a custom type and I was building this up in C# and sending over, but this gave problems, so I switched to passing a CSV.

if (MeterID.EndsWith(","))
                                        {
                                            MeterID = MeterID.TrimLastCharacter();
                                        }
                                        string[] meters = MeterID.Split(',');

                                        //var dt_Meters = new DataTable();
                                        //dt_Meters.Columns.Add("MeterID", typeof(long));
                                        //DataRow workRow;
                                        //foreach (string cat in meters)
                                        //{
                                        //    long id = 0;
                                        //    if (long.TryParse(cat, out id))
                                        //    {
                                        //        workRow = dt_Meters.NewRow();
                                        //        workRow["MeterID"] = id;
                                        //        dt_Meters.Rows.Add(workRow);
                                        //    }
                                        //}

                                        Logger.Logger.DebugLog("ERM Meter Count: "+meters.Count());
                                        Logger.Logger.DebugLog("ERM MeterList: " + MeterID);
                                        Logger.Logger.DebugLog("ERM Data sDate: " + sDate);
                                        Logger.Logger.DebugLog("ERM Data eDate: " + eDate);
                                        cmd.CommandText = "GetERMEnergyData";
                                        var param = new SqlParameter[6];
                                        param[0] = new SqlParameter("@sDate", SqlDbType.DateTime);
                                        param[1] = new SqlParameter("@Meter", SqlDbType.VarChar);
                                        //param[1].TypeName = "ERMMeterList";
                                        param[2] = new SqlParameter("@reportselection", SqlDbType.Char);
                                        param[3] = new SqlParameter("@calc", SqlDbType.Float);
                                        param[4] = new SqlParameter("@eDate", SqlDbType.DateTime);
                                        param[5] = new SqlParameter("@FloorArea", SqlDbType.Decimal);

                                        param[0].Value = Convert.ToDateTime(sDate);
                                        param[1].Value = MeterID;
                                        
                                        param[2].Value = period; //Report Selection Char value
                                        param[3].Value = 1;

                                        if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(eDate))
                                        {
                                            param[4].Value = DBNull.Value; //"19000101";
                                        }
                                        else
                                        {
                                            param[4].Value = eDate;
                                        }
                                        param[5].Value = 1;
                                        for (int i = 0; i < param.Length; i++)
                                        {
                                            cmd.Parameters.Add(param[i]);
                                        }

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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
as I suggested above, replace:
                                        param[1] = new SqlParameter("@Meter", SqlDbType.VarChar);

by  either;

                                        param[1] = new SqlParameter("@Meter", SqlDbType.VarChar, -1);

                                        param[1] = new SqlParameter("@Meter", SqlDbType.VarChar, MeterID.Length);
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wint100Author Commented:
I have tried performing this operation in SSMS passing this above string and it gives the same error, so it doesn't seem to be a C# issue.
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wint100Author Commented:
Setting this in C# still gives the same error I'm afraid.
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
then we will need the code of your stored proc, where I fear you are building some dynamic SQL to use that list?
check out this article then:
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Database/Miscellaneous/A_1536-delimited-list-as-parameter-what-are-the-options.html
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wint100Author Commented:
Yep:

set @costingview = "EnergyDisplayValues "

set @sql = "declare @sDate as datetime declare @eDate as datetime declare @sDate2 as datetime declare @eDate2 as datetime set @sDate = '" + convert(varchar(10), @sdate, 120) + "' set @eDate = '" + convert(varchar(10), @edate, 120) + "' " +"set @sDate2 = '" + convert(varchar(10), @sdate2, 120) + "' set @eDate2 = '" + convert(varchar(10), @edate2, 120) + "' "+
	" insert into #tariffpivot select readingdate, period, ReadingKwh,ReadingCO2,ReadingC from " + @costingview + " as costsv" +
	" where ((costsv.readingdate between @sDate and @eDate) ) " + 
	" and meterid in ("+ @meter +")"

exec(@sql)

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wint100Author Commented:
@meter is my varchar(MAX)
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wint100Author Commented:
I've tried changing to this using your example function but it now VERY slow:

SELECT VALUE FROM dbo.ParmsToList(@meter,',')
 set @sDate =  convert(varchar(10), @sdate, 120)  set @eDate =  convert(varchar(10), @edate, 120)  set @sDate2 =  convert(varchar(10), @sdate2, 120)  set @eDate2 =   convert(varchar(10), @edate2, 120)
	 insert into #tariffpivot select readingdate, period, ReadingKwh,ReadingCO2,ReadingC from  EnergyDisplayValues  as costsv 
	 where ((costsv.readingdate between @sDate and @eDate) )  
	 and meterid in (SELECT VALUE FROM dbo.ParmsToList(@meter,',')) 
select * from #tariffpivot

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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
> but it now VERY slow:
explain plan for the query?
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wint100Author Commented:
I'm trying to gather the data from a view as above, the insert into the #tariffpivot table is now very slow. If I use the dynamic SQL it seems to complete the insert much faster than when using the function method.
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
yes, this is possible. but if your dynamic SQL is limited, you won't have that much choices.
you could pass the data into a real table and use that one instead, but not sure if that will help performance necessarily
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wint100Author Commented:
OK thanks, I'll give that a try.
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3]Billing EngineerCommented:
yes, but at the same time, you can check the status of the population ...:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms186897.aspx

...and wait/loop:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms187331.aspx
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Microsoft SQL Server 2008

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