argv and static cast not ciompiling with Unix C++

Posted on 2014-09-30
Last Modified: 2014-09-30
int main(int argc, char argv[])

xx = static_cast<int>(argv[1]);

this compiles in visual studio but fails on argv error = "unix second argument of int main should be char *argv

If I change to *argv then stat_cast lines fails with
invalid static_cast from type char to type int
Question by:pcomb
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LVL 37

Accepted Solution

TommySzalapski earned 500 total points
ID: 40353060
argv should be an array of character arrays (because it is usually a list of options or other words).

So you want (int argc, char* argv[]) or similar

What exactly are you trying to do? Do you want
xx = static_cast<int>(argv[1][0]); to pull the first character out of the first argument or something like
xx = atoi(argv[1]); to convert the first argument to a number
LVL 37

Expert Comment

ID: 40353071
You might need to include stdlib.h or cstdlib for atoi to work.
LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:Neil Russell
ID: 40353133
It would be interesting to know what it is you are trying to achieve here.
I am sure that there are neater ways to get where you are trying to go.
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Author Comment

ID: 40353140
am reading in a number of integer values and characters eg
./prog 1 2 3 4 +

if i use (int argc, char* argv[])  it does not cmpile in linux invalid static_cast from type char to type int as per my initial explanaton

LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:Neil Russell
ID: 40353154
"(int argc, char* argv[]) " is Perfectly correct.
"xx = static_cast<int>(argv[1]);" is not, that is the error.  As Tommy already said, you should use xx = atoi(argv[1]); for the first arg etc..
LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:Neil Russell
ID: 40353165
int main  (int argc, char* argv[])
int xx;
if (argc > 1)
      for (count = 1; count < argc; count++)
        printf("argv[%d] = %s\n", count, argv[count]);
          xx = atoi(argv[count]);
        printf("argv[%d] = %d\n", count, xx);
LVL 37

Expert Comment

ID: 40353272
atoi will fail on characters. Are they always single characters like 1, 2, +, A, or can they be multiple, like 34, +:-, hi, ...?

If you are just hacking something simple together and want to only use single characters, then use static_cast<int>(argv[1][0]) to just pull the first character off of the argument.

If you want arbitrary length things, then why are you casting to int if it can be characters?

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