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Oracle:  Data Dictionary

Posted on 2014-10-10
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Last Modified: 2014-10-10
Greetings,

I have a new employee in my team and wanted to provide her with a data dictionary of all the table we are using.  Is there a way to do this easily?

Also, I would like to show a table's fields by showing the name and the type (number, Varchar, etc..)  Then I can pull the data into excel and create a data dictionary.

Is there a query that I can run?

Thanks!!

I am using Aqua data studio and Oracle Developer
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Question by:Maliki Hassani
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13 Comments
 
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Assisted Solution

by:Steve Wales
Steve Wales earned 334 total points
ID: 40373469
The following will get you a list of all your tables and their basic data layouts (looking somewhat like the output from a DESCRIBE command in SQLPlus:
set lines 132
set pages 10000
column table_name format a30
column column_name format a30
column data_type format a40
column nullable format a8

break on table_name skip 2;

select 
  table_name, 
  column_name,
  decode(data_type, 
   'VARCHAR2',data_type||'('||data_length||')',
   'CHAR'    ,data_type||'('||data_length||')',
   'NVARCHAR2'    ,data_type||'('||data_length||')',
   'NCHAR'    ,data_type||'('||data_length||')',
   'NUMBER' ,decode(data_precision, 
                    null, data_type, 
                    data_type||'('||data_precision||','||data_scale||')'),
   data_type) as DATA_TYPE,
  decode(nullable, 'Y', ' ', 'NOT NULL') as NULLABLE
from dba_tab_columns
where owner = 'MYSCHEMA'
order by table_name, column_id

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LVL 76

Assisted Solution

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
slightwv (䄆 Netminder) earned 166 total points
ID: 40373478
The SQL above should work.

Since this is a one time thing, I prefer SQL to generate a script and just execute the script:

set pages 0
set feedback off
spool mylist.sql
select 'desc ' || table_name from user_tables;
spool off

@mylist
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Author Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373509
Okay great..  Should I be running this in Oracle SQL developer?
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Author Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373512
So I ran the top query in Developer but nothing is in the results section?
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LVL 76

Expert Comment

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
ID: 40373514
The select should run wherever.

I believe the desc command will work in SQL Deverloper.  I don't use the GUI tools to I'm not 100% sure.
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Author Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373529
Ahh there was a space in desc.  thanks
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LVL 22

Accepted Solution

by:
Steve Wales earned 334 total points
ID: 40373556
Just to make sure you did it, make sure you change 'MYSCHEMA' to the name of the owner of your tables.

I just ran it in SQL Developer and it ran fine.

Alternatively if you don't have SYS/SYSTEM/DBA access, connect as the user who owns the tables, change dba_tab_columns to user_tab_columns, remove the where clause and run it.

In SQL Developer, everything before the "select" will be ignored (these are formatting options for SQL Plus).

As an alternative, since you want the output in Excel, you could just try opening Excel and using MSQuery (as ugly as that interface is) to drag the output you want directly into Excel - it's all there in user_tab_columns.
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Author Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373572
Brilliant!  You all are awesome!
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Author Closing Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373574
Thanks
0
 

Author Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373661
One more question though.   It only shows the tables/views that are in myschema.  How can I pull for all other tables?  I am also using the query for user_tab_columns and removing the where clause
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LVL 76

Expert Comment

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
ID: 40373673
You'll need the DBA level views:  dba_tab_columns
and add a where:  where owner in ('MYSCHEMA','MYOTHERSCHEMA')

Oracle has 3 level for all of it's views:  DBA, ALL and USER.

DBA is everything.
ALL is everything you have permission to see.
USER is what you own.

So if you use a view say, USER_TABLES, there is also an ALL_TABLES and DBA_TABLES.  Same goes for all the other available Oracle provided views.
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LVL 76

Expert Comment

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
ID: 40373685
I suppose I should also point out that just a list of tables and columns isn't all that useful to anyone.

What would make more sense is a physical model of the database complete with primary and foreign key relationships.

You can reverse engineer your database using SQL Developer Data Modeler:
http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/developer-tools/datamodeler/overview/index.html

Point it to a schema/database and let it generate the model.  Then all you'll need to do is move the tables around so it makes a nice pretty picture.
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Author Comment

by:Maliki Hassani
ID: 40373745
Great! Thank you
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