example:
because A and B, we deduce C
because C, we induce A and B
because A and B, we deduce C
because C, we induce A and B
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Deductive reasoning, also deductive logic or logical deduction or, informally, "top-down" logic, is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain conclusion.
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Inductive reasoning (as opposed to deductive reasoning) is reasoning in which the premises seek to supply strong evidence for (not absolute proof of) the truth of the conclusion. While the conclusion of a deductive argument is supposed to be certain, the truth of the conclusion of an inductive argument is supposed to be probable, based upon the evidence given.
>> it seems to me that both deductive and inductive reasoning are not absolute truths. Instead, they are calculated hunches or guesses about what a true situation might be.According to the Wiki link, deductive reasoning leads to certainties.
1.All men are mortal.It is not a calculated hunch or guess that "Socrates is mortal" if you accept the first two premises that "All men are mortal" and that "Socrates is a man".
2.Socrates is a man.
3.Therefore, Socrates is mortal.
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