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converting between different type of strings

Posted on 2014-10-15
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Last Modified: 2014-10-15
In one place I want to get the file path of the program as a std::string, so I use this function:

      char path[MAX_PATH];
      GetModuleFileName(NULL, path, MAX_PATH);

However the GetModuleFileName function will not take the path variable. It says "argument of type char * in incompatible with with parameter of type LPSWSTR

What's the right way to do this?
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Question by:rustycp
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jkr earned 500 total points
ID: 40382724
Either set your project to use MBCS instead of UNICODE (ALT+F7 to open your project's properties, locate 'Use character set' in the 'General' category) or use UNICODE arrays, e.g.

      wchar_t path[MAX_PATH];
      GetModuleFileName(NULL, path, MAX_PATH);
      // Note: you will need a std::wstring now

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The 3rd alternative is TCHARs, which is a layer of types and functions that VC++ uses to map between MBCS and UNICODE, i.e.

#include <tchar.h>

// ...

      TCHAR path[MAX_PATH];
      GetModuleFileName(NULL, path, MAX_PATH);

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See also http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/76252/What-are-TCHAR-WCHAR-LPSTR-LPWSTR-LPCTSTR-etc and http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb415628.aspx ("TCHAR") regarding the latter.
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by:rustycp
ID: 40382740
perfect thank you!
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Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 40382761
You're welcome ;o)

As a side not, if you really want to convert between ANSI and UNICODE, see http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/5d7tc9zw.aspx ("wcstombs") and http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/k1f9b8cy.aspx ("mbstowcs")
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