How do I get an Excel 2007 sort macro to recognize variable columns and rows?

I recorded this macro.  It fails to recognize variability when adding/deleting rows and columns.  Although I have made this sheet into a table, it still does not recognize the variablity.  Any suggestions on building a sort macro to account for a sheet or table sort with row and column variablity is appreciated.  Attached is the spreadsheet.  The macro is "Test".

    ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort. _
        SortFields.Clear
    ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort. _
        SortFields.Add Key:=ActiveCell.Offset(0, -21).Range("A1:A16"), SortOn:= _
        xlSortOnValues, Order:=xlAscending, DataOption:=xlSortNormal
    With ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort
        .Header = xlYes
        .MatchCase = False
        .Orientation = xlTopToBottom
        .SortMethod = xlPinYin
        .Apply
    End With
Test.xlsm
cowboywmAsked:
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SteveCommented:
Roughly...
lLastRow = ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row
    ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").ListObjects("Sheet1").Sort. _
         SortFields.Clear
     ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").ListObjects("Sheet1").Sort. _
         SortFields.Add Key:=ActiveCell.Offset(0, -21).Range("A1:A" & lLastRow), SortOn:= _
         xlSortOnValues, Order:=xlAscending, DataOption:=xlSortNormal
     With ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Sheet1").ListObjects("Sheet1").Sort
         .Header = xlYes
         .MatchCase = False
         .Orientation = xlTopToBottom
         .SortMethod = xlPinYin
         .Apply
     End With

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SteveCommented:
Renamed for your sheet...
lLastRow = ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").Cells(Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row
    ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort. _
         SortFields.Clear
     ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort. _
         SortFields.Add Key:=ActiveCell.Offset(0, -21).Range("A1:A" & lLastRow), SortOn:= _
         xlSortOnValues, Order:=xlAscending, DataOption:=xlSortNormal
     With ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort
         .Header = xlYes
         .MatchCase = False
         .Orientation = xlTopToBottom
         .SortMethod = xlPinYin
         .Apply
     End With

Open in new window

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Glenn RayExcel VBA DeveloperCommented:
Since you've defined this as an Excel Table, you can continue using structured referencing.  Replace the second command above with the one here (in lines 4-6):
Sub Test()
    ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort. _
        SortFields.Clear
    ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort. _
        SortFields.Add Key:=Range("Attendance[Role]"), SortOn:=xlSortOnValues, _
        Order:=xlAscending, DataOption:=xlSortNormal
    With ActiveWorkbook.Worksheets("Attendance").ListObjects("Attendance").Sort
        .Header = xlYes
        .MatchCase = False
        .Orientation = xlTopToBottom
        .SortMethod = xlPinYin
        .Apply
    End With
End Sub

Open in new window


This guarantees that the sort will be dynamic - that is, follow the current defined range of the table "Attendance".
-Glenn
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cowboywmAuthor Commented:
Glenn, your solution worked the best.  Thank you for your help.  I can now duplicate this functionality.
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