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Removing a listitem from a Databound ComboBox?

Posted on 2014-10-28
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Last Modified: 2016-02-18
I have 2 combobox controls on a windows form. They are both bound to a DataTable and contain Identical data. When a user selects the data, each selected item has to be different. I created a subroutine that would eliminate the selectedIndex in the second combobox but when it executed, it threw the followig exception:

 "Item collection cannot be modified when the DataSource property is set".

So, in order to make sure they can't select duplicate data, is there any way to remove an item from a ComboBox that is bound to a DataTable. The work-around is to simply display a message to the user indicating that they have made a duplicate selection but I would rather avoid that and address it in the ComboBoxes!

Thanks!
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Question by:BlakeMcKenna
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2 Comments
 
LVL 34

Accepted Solution

by:
it_saige earned 500 total points
ID: 40409056
You could accomplish this by using a Linq based query as your datasource (it's a little rough around the edges but I think you can get the gist of it), e.g.;
Form1.cs -
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace ComboBoxExample
{
	public partial class Form1 : Form
	{
		private List<Food> foods = new List<Food>() 
		{
			new Food(0, "Select A Food", Type.None),
			new Food(1, "Corn", Type.Vegetable),
			new Food(2, "Apple", Type.Fruit),
			new Food(3, "Steak", Type.Meat),
			new Food(4, "Pea", Type.Vegetable),
			new Food(5, "Orange", Type.Fruit),
			new Food(6, "Ham", Type.Meat),
			new Food(7, "Potato", Type.Vegetable),
			new Food(8, "Rib", Type.Meat),
			new Food(9, "Banana", Type.Fruit),
			new Food(10, "Celery", Type.Vegetable)
		};

		public Form1()
		{
			InitializeComponent();
		}

		private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
		{
			foodCombo1.DataSource = (from food in foods select food).ToList();
			foodCombo1.DisplayMember = "Name";
			foodCombo1.ValueMember = "ID";

			foodCombo2.Enabled = ((int)foodCombo1.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo1.SelectedValue != 0);
			foodCombo3.Enabled = ((int)foodCombo2.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo2.SelectedValue != 0);
		}

		private void OnSelectedIndexChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
		{
			if (sender is ComboBox)
			{
				ComboBox cb = sender as ComboBox;
				if (cb == foodCombo1)
				{
					if ((int)foodCombo1.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo1.SelectedValue != 0)
					{
						foodCombo2.DataSource = (from food in foods where food.ID != (foodCombo1.SelectedItem as Food).ID && food.ID != 0 select food).ToList();
						foodCombo2.DisplayMember = "Name";
						foodCombo2.ValueMember = "ID";
						afterFoodSelect1.DataSource = foodCombo2.DataSource;
						afterFoodSelect1.DisplayMember = "Name";
						afterFoodSelect1.ValueMember = "ID";
						foodCombo2.Enabled = ((int)foodCombo1.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo1.SelectedValue != 0);
					}
				}

				if (cb == foodCombo2)
				{
					if ((int)foodCombo2.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo2.SelectedValue != 0)
					{
						foodCombo3.DataSource = (from food in foods where food.ID != (foodCombo1.SelectedItem as Food).ID && food.ID != (foodCombo2.SelectedItem as Food).ID && food.ID != 0 select food).ToList();
						foodCombo3.DisplayMember = "Name";
						foodCombo3.ValueMember = "ID";
						afterFoodSelect2.DataSource = foodCombo3.DataSource;
						afterFoodSelect2.DisplayMember = "Name";
						afterFoodSelect2.ValueMember = "ID";
						foodCombo3.Enabled = ((int)foodCombo2.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo2.SelectedValue != 0);
					}
				}

				if (cb == foodCombo3)
				{
					if ((int)foodCombo3.SelectedIndex != -1 || (int)foodCombo3.SelectedValue != 0)
					{
						afterFoodSelect3.DataSource = (from food in foods where food.ID != (foodCombo1.SelectedItem as Food).ID && food.ID != (foodCombo2.SelectedItem as Food).ID && food.ID != (foodCombo3.SelectedItem as Food).ID && food.ID != 0 select food).ToList();
						afterFoodSelect3.DisplayMember = "Name";
						afterFoodSelect3.ValueMember = "ID";
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

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Form1.Designer.cs -
namespace ComboBoxExample
{
	partial class Form1
	{
		/// <summary>
		/// Required designer variable.
		/// </summary>
		private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

		/// <summary>
		/// Clean up any resources being used.
		/// </summary>
		/// <param name="disposing">true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false.</param>
		protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
		{
			if (disposing && (components != null))
			{
				components.Dispose();
			}
			base.Dispose(disposing);
		}

		#region Windows Form Designer generated code

		/// <summary>
		/// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
		/// the contents of this method with the code editor.
		/// </summary>
		private void InitializeComponent()
		{
			this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
			this.foodCombo1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
			this.label3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
			this.foodCombo2 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
			this.label4 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
			this.foodCombo3 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
			this.afterFoodSelect1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
			this.afterFoodSelect2 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
			this.afterFoodSelect3 = new System.Windows.Forms.ListBox();
			this.SuspendLayout();
			// 
			// label2
			// 
			this.label2.AutoSize = true;
			this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 9);
			this.label2.Name = "label2";
			this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 13);
			this.label2.TabIndex = 3;
			this.label2.Text = "Favorite Food:";
			// 
			// foodCombo1
			// 
			this.foodCombo1.FormattingEnabled = true;
			this.foodCombo1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 25);
			this.foodCombo1.Name = "foodCombo1";
			this.foodCombo1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(121, 21);
			this.foodCombo1.TabIndex = 2;
			this.foodCombo1.SelectedIndexChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.OnSelectedIndexChanged);
			// 
			// label3
			// 
			this.label3.AutoSize = true;
			this.label3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(139, 9);
			this.label3.Name = "label3";
			this.label3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(115, 13);
			this.label3.TabIndex = 5;
			this.label3.Text = "Second Favorite Food:";
			// 
			// foodCombo2
			// 
			this.foodCombo2.FormattingEnabled = true;
			this.foodCombo2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(139, 25);
			this.foodCombo2.Name = "foodCombo2";
			this.foodCombo2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(121, 21);
			this.foodCombo2.TabIndex = 4;
			this.foodCombo2.SelectedIndexChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.OnSelectedIndexChanged);
			// 
			// label4
			// 
			this.label4.AutoSize = true;
			this.label4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(266, 9);
			this.label4.Name = "label4";
			this.label4.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(104, 13);
			this.label4.TabIndex = 7;
			this.label4.Text = "Least Favorite Food:";
			// 
			// foodCombo3
			// 
			this.foodCombo3.FormattingEnabled = true;
			this.foodCombo3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(266, 25);
			this.foodCombo3.Name = "foodCombo3";
			this.foodCombo3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(121, 21);
			this.foodCombo3.TabIndex = 6;
			this.foodCombo3.SelectedIndexChanged += new System.EventHandler(this.OnSelectedIndexChanged);
			// 
			// afterFoodSelect1
			// 
			this.afterFoodSelect1.FormattingEnabled = true;
			this.afterFoodSelect1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 52);
			this.afterFoodSelect1.Name = "afterFoodSelect1";
			this.afterFoodSelect1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 199);
			this.afterFoodSelect1.TabIndex = 8;
			// 
			// afterFoodSelect2
			// 
			this.afterFoodSelect2.FormattingEnabled = true;
			this.afterFoodSelect2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(139, 52);
			this.afterFoodSelect2.Name = "afterFoodSelect2";
			this.afterFoodSelect2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 199);
			this.afterFoodSelect2.TabIndex = 9;
			// 
			// afterFoodSelect3
			// 
			this.afterFoodSelect3.FormattingEnabled = true;
			this.afterFoodSelect3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(267, 52);
			this.afterFoodSelect3.Name = "afterFoodSelect3";
			this.afterFoodSelect3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 199);
			this.afterFoodSelect3.TabIndex = 10;
			// 
			// Form1
			// 
			this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 13F);
			this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
			this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(588, 262);
			this.Controls.Add(this.afterFoodSelect3);
			this.Controls.Add(this.afterFoodSelect2);
			this.Controls.Add(this.afterFoodSelect1);
			this.Controls.Add(this.label4);
			this.Controls.Add(this.foodCombo3);
			this.Controls.Add(this.label3);
			this.Controls.Add(this.foodCombo2);
			this.Controls.Add(this.label2);
			this.Controls.Add(this.foodCombo1);
			this.Name = "Form1";
			this.Text = "Form1";
			this.Load += new System.EventHandler(this.Form1_Load);
			this.ResumeLayout(false);
			this.PerformLayout();

		}

		#endregion

		private System.Windows.Forms.Label label2;
		private System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox foodCombo1;
		private System.Windows.Forms.Label label3;
		private System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox foodCombo2;
		private System.Windows.Forms.Label label4;
		private System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox foodCombo3;
		private System.Windows.Forms.ListBox afterFoodSelect1;
		private System.Windows.Forms.ListBox afterFoodSelect2;
		private System.Windows.Forms.ListBox afterFoodSelect3;
	}
}

Open in new window

Food and supporting classes -
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

namespace ComboBoxExample
{
	/// <summary>Class Food.</summary>
	public class Food
	{
		private int fId = -1;
		private string fName = string.Empty;
		private Type fType = Type.None;

		/// <summary>Gets or sets the identifier.</summary>
		/// <value>The identifier.</value>
		public int ID
		{
			get { return fId; }
			set
			{
				if (!value.Equals(fId))
					fId = value;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>Gets or sets the name.</summary>
		/// <value>The name.</value>
		public string Name
		{
			get { return fName; }
			set
			{
				if (!value.Equals(fName))
					fName = value;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>Gets or sets the type.</summary>
		/// <value>The type.</value>
		public Type Type
		{
			get { return fType; }
			set
			{
				if (!value.Equals(fType))
					fType = value;
			}
		}

		/// <summary>Prevents a default instance of the <see cref="Food"/> class from being created.</summary>
		private Food() { ;}

		/// <summary>Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="Food"/> class.</summary>
		/// <param name="ID">The identifier.</param>
		/// <param name="Name">The name.</param>
		/// <param name="Type">The type.</param>
		public Food(int ID, string Name, Type Type)
		{
			this.ID = ID;
			this.Name = Name;
			this.Type = Type;
		}
	}

	public enum @Type : int
	{
		None = 0,
		Fruit = 1,
		Vegetable = 2,
		Meat = 3
	}
}

Open in new window

Produces the following output:Capture.JPG
-saige-
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:BlakeMcKenna
ID: 40409540
Thanks, but I just used the message route instead. It's not how I really wanted to do it but it's much simpler!
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