Thinkpad Error 17 on boot up after reinstalling Linux with Win 7

My bro got exactly this error on his Thinkpad X230 after reinstalling Win 7 on a Linux:

https://forums.lenovo.com/t5/A-M-and-Edge-Series-ThinkCentre/GRUB-Loading-Error-17-message-on-trying-to-boot-an-M2756-BB7/td-p/1430801

Q1:
Something needs to be set in BIOS?  UEFI ?

Q2:
How can I recover the data using any bootable CD if assuming I can't boot it up anymore?
sunhuxAsked:
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hexo darkCommented:
for a recover data use a live linux  and copie files on usb Hard Drives
http://fedoraproject.org/en/

It is important to make a protection(saving) of data before any manipulation

It is possible that the solution is in this forum
http://forums.opensuse.org/showthread.php/463657-grub-error-17-when-installing-suse-11-4-a

sorry for my English hope for it to have you to help:)
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sunhuxAuthor Commented:
My colleague boots up from a Windows (don't know what version)
& did "Repair Windows" & this fixed it (ie Windows could boot up)
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