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Query range with wildcard criteria

Posted on 2014-11-07
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Last Modified: 2014-11-07
How can I query a range that includes wildcard. example data
GG-93A123
GG-94A222
GG-94B233
GG-03A434
GG-05B555
GG-05C343
GG-05F433
GG-06A665

So what I want is anything between GG-94B% and GG-05C%

GG-94B233
GG-03A434
GG-05B555
GG-05C343

Thanks in advance. Using Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio
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Question by:MadIce
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14 Comments
 
LVL 24

Accepted Solution

by:
Phillip Burton earned 1000 total points
ID: 40428784
If that were a valid range, then you could use

where substring(MyField,1,6)>='GG-94B' and substring(MyField,1,6)<='GG-05C'

But in the ASCII alphabet, '0' is before '9'. So it's like asking for a range between R and A. It's the wrong way round.
0
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:Ahmed Merghani
ID: 40428785
Try this query:
select * from YOUR_TABLE where FIELD_NAME like 'GG-94B%' or FIELD_NAME like  'GG-05C%'

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0
 
LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40428788
Write a query:
SELECT *
FROM TableNameHere
WHERE ColumnName >= 'GG-94B' AND ColumnName < 'GG-05D' --> need to be D because is not included (minor than)

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LVL 34

Expert Comment

by:Mike Eghtebas
ID: 40428794
WHERE MyFiled >=  @LowVal + '%' AND  MyFiled <= @HighVal + '%';
0
 
LVL 34

Expert Comment

by:Mike Eghtebas
ID: 40428800
If you want to specify @LowVal (or @HighVal ) only and leave the other blank to be ignored:

WHERE MyFiled >= iif(@LowVal='',  MyFiled , @LowVal + '%') AND  MyFiled <= iif(@HighVal='',  MyFiled , @HighVal + '%');
0
 
LVL 66

Expert Comment

by:Jim Horn
ID: 40428812
Looks like the question might be answered above, but if not this scenario works dumping these values into a temp table with an identity field, querying for the first GG-94B% and GG-05C% values, and then selecting between the two..
IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#tmp') IS NOT NULL

DROP TABLE #tmp

CREATE TABLE #tmp (val varchar(25), row_number int identity(1,1))

INSERT INTO #tmp (val) 
VALUES 
	('GG-93A123')
	,('GG-94A222')
	,('GG-94B233')
	,('GG-03A434')
	,('GG-05B555')
	,('GG-05C343')
	,('GG-05F433')
	,('GG-06A665')

Declare @min int, @max int
SELECT @min = min(row_number) FROM #tmp WHERE val LIKE 'GG-94B%'
SELECT @max = min(row_number) FROM #tmp WHERE val LIKE 'GG-05C%'

SELECT * FROM #tmp WHERE row_number BETWEEN @min and @max

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0
 
LVL 8

Assisted Solution

by:Ahmed Merghani
Ahmed Merghani earned 1000 total points
ID: 40428822
Sorry I update my solution:
select * from YOUR_TABLE where FIELD_NAME BETWEEN 'GG-94B%' and  'GG-05C%'

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0
 

Author Comment

by:MadIce
ID: 40428982
Here is the solution I came up with:

Where Item BETWEEN 'GG-0%' AND 'GG-05D%' OR Item bETWEEN 'GG-94A%' AND 'GG-99Z%'
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:MadIce
ID: 40428993
Hope this is alright but the reason I split the answer is because Phillip Burton made me realize I was setting up the range wrong and when I saw Ahmed Merghani response made me realize I could use the between to setup the range.

Solution:
 Where Item BETWEEN 'GG-0%' AND 'GG-05D%' OR Item bETWEEN 'GG-94A%' AND 'GG-99Z%'
0
 
LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:ste5an
ID: 40429020
Why are those answers the solution? They return nothing. Even yours does not match the desired result..

DECLARE @Sample TABLE ( Data VARCHAR(255) );

INSERT INTO @Sample
VALUES	( 'GG-93A123' ),
		( 'GG-94A222' ),
		( 'GG-94B233' ),
		( 'GG-03A434' ),
		( 'GG-05B555' ),
		( 'GG-05C343' ),
		( 'GG-05F433' ),
		( 'GG-06A665' );

SELECT	*
FROM	@Sample
WHERE	Data BETWEEN 'GG-0%' AND 'GG-05D%' 
	OR Data bETWEEN 'GG-94A%' AND 'GG-99Z%' 

/*
(8 row(s) affected)

Data
---------
GG-94A222
GG-94B233
GG-03A434
GG-05B555
GG-05C343

(5 row(s) affected)
*/

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0
 
LVL 34

Expert Comment

by:Mike Eghtebas
ID: 40429085
On the same point:

substring(MyField,1,6)>='GG-94B'    <-- here assumption is made your entry will be always 6-digit long, but it could vary, right?
0
 

Author Comment

by:MadIce
ID: 40429346
Eghtebas, It will always be longer. I tried using the substring suggestion but because of the range issue (the two numbers represent year), couldn't get it to work. I see now I left out that important detail. the number is the year. 95 = 1995.
0
 
LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:ste5an
ID: 40429380
Now your problem makes sense 😉 You need to build a four digit year, then it should work.

DECLARE @Sample TABLE ( Data VARCHAR(255) );

INSERT INTO @Sample
VALUES	( 'GG-93A123' ),
		( 'GG-94A222' ),
		( 'GG-94B233' ),
		( 'GG-03A434' ),
		( 'GG-05B555' ),
		( 'GG-05C343' ),
		( 'GG-05F433' ),
		( 'GG-06A665' );

SELECT	*,
                  SUBSTRING(Data, 1, 3) + 
                  CASE WHEN CAST(SUBSTRING(Data, 4, 2) AS INT)  < 90 THEN '19' ELSE '20' END+ 
                  SUBSTRING(Data, 4, 6) AS Expanded 
FROM	@Sample 

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Also expand your boundary values then BETWEEN works.
0
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:PortletPaul
ID: 40429714
You can avoid casting to integer (that might produce an error) by just using string functions. e.g.
select
*
from table1
where left(replace(replace(item,'GG-9','199'),'GG-0','200'),5) 
                 between '1994B' and '2005C'

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|      ITEM |
|-----------|
| GG-94B233 |
| GG-03A434 |
| GG-05B555 |
| GG-05C343 |



CREATE TABLE Table1
	([ITEM] varchar(9))
;
	
INSERT INTO Table1
	([ITEM])
VALUES
	('GG-93A123'),
	('GG-94A222'),
	('GG-94B233'),
	('GG-03A434'),
	('GG-05B555'),
	('GG-05C343'),
	('GG-05F433'),
	('GG-06A665')
;

http://sqlfiddle.com/#!3/44d22/4		

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0

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