Select the next available record in a SQL table based on last record in another table

Hello Experts,

I have two SQL Tables that look like this:

Tbl 1:

Type    Wt
1           10.0
2           10.2
3           11.3

Tbl 2:

Type    Wt
1           10.0
2           10.2
3           11.3
7           22.5

I want to add new records in Tbl 2 to Tbl1 based on the last record in Tbl1.

The following code works fine as long as "Type" values are sequential in Tbl2.

@LastTypPlusOne = Select MAX(Type) From Tb_1

Insert Into Tbl1(Type, Wt)
Select Type, Wt
From Tbl2
Where Type = @LastTypPlusOne + 1

(The record with a "Type" value of 7 will not Insert...)

-- The last Type value in Tbl1 is 3
-- There is no Type value 4, 5 or 6 in Tbl2
-- The next new record (has Type value of 7) in Tbl2 needs to be inserted into Tbl1 based on last Type value in Tbl1.

I would like to Insert all new records from Tbl2 into Tbl1 based on the  "Type" value in the last record in Tbl1.

Does anyone know how to do this??

Thanks!
SaxitalisAsked:
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Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperCommented:
Would try this. This is done in SQL Server Express 2012; please make necessary adjustment if SS2005 different:
declare @LastTbl_1 int;
declare @NextTbl_2 int;
declare @MaxTbl_2 int;
declare @ExistsInTbl_2 int;
select @LastTbl_1 = max(Type) From Tbl_1;
select @MaxTbl_2 = max(Type) From Tbl_2;  -- used later to end the loop

set @LastTbl_1 =  @LastTbl_1 + 1;

While(@ExistsInTbl_2= 0) 
begin

  select @NextTbl_2 = Type From Tbl_2 Where Type = @LastTbl_1;

  if @NextTbl_2>0 
  begin  -- match is found

     Set @ExistsInTbl_2 = 1; -- to get out of the loop

	 Insert Into Tbl_1(Type, Wt)
      Select Type, Wt
      From Tbl_2
      Where Type = @NextTbl_2;

  end

	if @MaxTbl_2= @LastTbl_1
	   Set @ExistsInTbl_2 = 1; -- to get out of the loop
	else
	   Set @LastTbl_1 = @LastTbl_1 + 1;  -- add 1 to search for next
  
end

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Vitor MontalvãoMSSQL Senior EngineerCommented:
You just need to change the '=' to '>':
@LastTypPlusOne = Select MAX(Type) From Tb_1

 Insert Into Tbl1(Type, Wt)
 Select Type, Wt
 From Tbl2
 Where Type > @LastTypPlusOne

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Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperCommented:
re:> You just need to change the '=' to '>':

In that case,it will insert all from Tbl_2 (maybe this is what is what Saxitalis wants):

Tbl 2:

Type    Wt
1           10.0
2           10.2
3           11.3
7           22.5
8           12.0
12          14.3
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Vitor MontalvãoMSSQL Senior EngineerCommented:
Not all but everything greater than 3 (in this example).
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Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperCommented:
I was just adding the next equal or greater than "@LastTypPlusOne + 1" as Saxitalis puts it). This is what I was trying to achieve. But when I read it again, I see my mistake: "I want to add new records in Tbl 2 to Tbl1 based on the last record in Tbl1."
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SaxitalisAuthor Commented:
Yup - I tried that first Victor but records would not sort correctly so I was trying to import one record at a time.

 I finally realized the reason records would not sort was because I was converting the column in question to VARCHAR data type when accessing via a linked server via C# code. I solved this bypopulating  the table coming in through the linked server into a temp table with INT data type. Then performed the query on the temp table.

I am excepting your solution because it made me go back and think about "why"

Thanks!
John
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Microsoft SQL Server 2005

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