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Bash Variable from Command Line

Posted on 2014-11-13
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Last Modified: 2014-11-14
I am having trouble populating a variable with a command line. I am sure I am formatting it incorrectly, but I am not sure how. I want to take a list of URLs, something like:

http://blah.com/test
http://blah.com/test2

and print out:
test
test2

I am using the following, but getting an error "./test.sh: line 3: =: command not found"

#!/bin/bash
while read LINE; do
   $NAME = `echo $LINE | cut -d \/ -f4`
   echo $NAME
done < url-list.txt

Any ideas on how I formatted the $NAME variable wrong?
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Question by:stakor
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Accepted Solution

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simon3270 earned 2000 total points
ID: 40442025
You mustn't put the $ at the start when setting the value of NAME, and you mustn't have spaces round the = sign, so

   NAME=`echo $LINE | cut -d \/ -f4`
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Expert Comment

by:simon3270
ID: 40442035
There are a couple of other things to consider. Firstly you don't need the backslash in front of the forward slash - you only need to do that if / is a "special character" in the location you are using it, i.e. one which has a particular effect.  For the delimiter in "cut", "/" is just a normal character like others, so just use "-d / -f4".  It isn't actually an error here to use the backslash, but it makes the code harder to read, and it may cause problems if the command gets more complex.

The other is the format of your input lines. Will they always be like that, with just one name after the domain, or might they be longer, such as http://example.com/images/test3 - in that case, do you want to print "image", or "test3", or "image/test3" - all are possible!
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Author Closing Comment

by:stakor
ID: 40442798
Awesome, thank you.
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