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DLast not working correctly

Posted on 2014-11-14
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Last Modified: 2014-11-20
I'm using this code to get the last record in a table:

=DLast("[StatinsMed]","Treatment","[MemberID] = " & [Forms]![frmMemberMaster]![txtMemberID])

But it isn't working.  It's actually giving me the middle of 3 record values.

????
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Question by:SteveL13
7 Comments
 
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by:Gustav Brock
ID: 40443701
DLast and DFirst really only return "some value".

You should use DMax or DMin for the highest or lowest value.

/gustav
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Author Comment

by:SteveL13
ID: 40443820
I guess I've been living in a cave.  I would think that DLast would give me the last records value.  DMax and DMin do not work either.
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by:bonjour-aut
ID: 40444199
asuming that the memberID is a string:

DLast("[StatinsMed]","Treatment","[MemberID] = '" & [Forms]![frmMemberMaster]![txtMemberID]) & "'"

as string needs to be wrapped in single quotes
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LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:bonjour-aut
ID: 40444200
withou the qoutes, the domain function filter is not valid and acts like  DLast("[StatinsMed]","Treatment","")

sorry i misstyped my first comment. it should read like:

DLast("[StatinsMed]","Treatment","[MemberID] = '" & [Forms]![frmMemberMaster]![txtMemberID] & "'")
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by:Gustav Brock
ID: 40444332
>  I would think that DLast would give me the last records value.
You can use the DFirst and DLast functions to return a random record from a particular field in a table or query when you simply need any value from that field. Use the DFirst and DLast functions in a macro, module, query expression, or calculated control on a form or report.
> DMax and DMin do not work either.
Then you will have to define the criteria for "last record".
It could be the newest value of a timestamp field.

/gustav
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Expert Comment

by:PatHartman
ID: 40446550
The help entry -  http://office.microsoft.com/en-001/access-help/dfirst-dlast-functions-HA001228823.aspx explains what you get with DFirst() and DLast() and it isn't what you think it should be.  I'm not even sure what the point of having these two function is since they get lots of folks in trouble and don't seem to deliver useful results.

Keep in mind that in English, First and Last refer to ordinal position in a set.  In a relational database, tables/queries are unordered sets so First and Last have no fixed meaning since from one query to the next, First and Last could be different.  That's why the help entry says you get a random result.

As Gus suggested, tell us what you are really after and we'll see how to make Min/Max solve the problem.
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Accepted Solution

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Nick67 earned 2000 total points
ID: 40454037
If you want order, you'll need a recordset
I suspect you are using this as a ControlSource or in a query -- so you need a public function.
In a module put

Option Compare Database
Option Explicit

Public Function LastStatinsMed as String
Dim rs as recordset

set rs = CurrentDb.OpenRecordset("Select [StatinsMed] from Treatment  where [MemberID] = " & [Forms]![frmMemberMaster]![txtMemberID] & " Order by ThePrimaryKey Desc, dbOpenDynaset, dbSeeChanges)
'whatever your primary key may be

LastStatinsMed = rs!StatinsMed
End Function

Open in new window


You can then give your control a source, or use as a query parameter
=LastStatinsMed()
instead of
=DLast("[StatinsMed]","Treatment","[MemberID] = " & [Forms]![frmMemberMaster]![txtMemberID])

To get decent performance you should avoid the use of Domain Aggregate functions in favor of similar code in all cases.
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