How do i detect falsified emails / spoofed emails ?

I keep receiving spoofed / anonymous emails from regular spammers but their email header leads me towards nowhere. Can somebody give me a basic information of how to do this or a legal body to report this issue as soon as possible.
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Tej Pratap Shukla ~DexterServer AdministratorAsked:
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JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
Open the email (be careful!) and select properties of the email. In the properties you should be able to find the sending IP address. Put that into Smart Whois or like Whois web tool.

Beware: Spammer either have their own ISP or links to ISP's that turn a blind eye. So reporting the IP address also goes nowhere most of the time.

The only real defense here is hardened spam filtering. This is what I do and the stuff you have above just goes down the sewer. I do not see it in my Inbox.
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Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
John is right, there is little you can do except be faster with the Delete key.  You could create message rules to delete them when there is a pattern.  Microsoft, Google, the FBI and others are constantly tracking down these people and shutting them down.  But since it is so profitable, new sources keep popping up.
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gheistCommented:
At least enable some kind of DNSBL, so that their spam hosts are rejected quicker.
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Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
There is a lot of spam that comes from hi-jacked personal computers.  The spammers use viruses to hijack the computers into a network and they have the computers in the spam network send out the spam emails.  There can be 10's of thousands of computers in such a network... which is why tracing IP addresses often fails to provide any useful information.  When I get up to 10 of the same spam email, chances are that they came from 10 different IP addresses.  The IP that you (and Microsoft, Google, the FBI and others) want is the one that controls all those hijacked emails and That one is not in the spam emails you recieve.
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gheistCommented:
Would be nice to know that is asker's mail server to better weight the available options.
I use greylisting and DNSBL and exact address list.
about 95% of smtp sessions yield no mail to users this way. Probably when you are new on internet it is somewhat better, but over time it just gets worse.
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JohnBusiness Consultant (Owner)Commented:
I use greylisting  <-- My main email ISP uses greylisting to reduce the spam filtering load. It does a good job.
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gheistCommented:
It just has to be ordered with lightest check first....
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btanExec ConsultantCommented:
Dont click on any click and to identify such scam or spoofed email, may alocal authorities has a list of common sharing such as sender’s email address doesn’t tally with the trusted organisation’s website address, a prominent website link can be forged or seem very similar to the proper address, but even a single character’s difference means a different website, request for personal information such as user name, password or bank details, email contains spelling and grammatical errors and also you weren't expecting to get an email from the company that appears to have sent it.

For UK, there is anti-fraud @ http://www.actionfraud.police.uk/report_fraud
For US, there is the IC3 @ http://www.ic3.gov/complaint/default.aspx

In fact you should be able to check out the email header to fish out any anomalies e.g. compare for inconsistency on the From address to the Message-ID domain and also message “From” (maybe your friend or known ones), but the Reply-To is a different address etc
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Tej Pratap Shukla ~DexterServer AdministratorAuthor Commented:
Thanks for your valuable answers/solutions and comments, it really helped me a lot. I would still want to know if any forensic email examination tool exist that might be able to comprehend my PST file data , so that i can determine where the email hopped from , what are their message ids and much much more. And finally export the information in a report .
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btanExec ConsultantCommented:
this feeback indeed render another separate question :)
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Tej Pratap Shukla ~DexterServer AdministratorAuthor Commented:
Sure, Thanks
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gheistCommented:
Make sure to mention mail filtering chain you use. I'd assume you want to deal with incoming mails and some antivitus-spam will be in better position to help out with reports.
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