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iptables allow from IP is allowing anyone

Posted on 2014-11-18
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Last Modified: 2014-11-20
I'm confused about (centos) iptables.

I have rules which are supposed to only allow my network into a remote host for certain ports yet I've found that I can access those ports from other networks.

For example, I have ssh blocked to only my own network yet I can reach the ssh port from other networks.

Drop       If source is x.x.73.0/24             
Drop       If source is x.x.74.0/24             
Accept       If state of connection is RELATED,ESTABLISHED             
Accept       If protocol is ICMP             
Accept       If input interface is lo             
Accept       If protocol is TCP and destination port is 80 and state of connection is NEW             
Accept       If protocol is TCP and destination port is 443 and state of connection is NEW             
Accept       If protocol is TCP and source is 1.2.3.4/32 and destination port is 22 and state of connection is NEW             

The Drop section works just fine but the Accept section allows any IP to connect.
What am I missing here???
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Question by:projects
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by:Richard Obenchain
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I'm not familiar with CentOs, but I'd assume your default is set to ACCEPT and, thus, if it doesn't match a rule it's being accepted.  You want to set it to DROP as default, thus, only allowing things through that are actively accepted.
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by:Jan Springer
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"cat /etc/sysconfig/iptables" and post it.

so that we can take a look at it.  it's probably a simple error.
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by:savone
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You need to add a catch all drop at the bottom of the list.  IPTables works in order, so it reads from the first rule down.  If the traffic matches any of the rules it takes the action (ACCEPT, DROP, REJECT, etc..) associated with that rule.  If it doesn't match any of the rules it allows the  traffic.  

You can fix this my adding a catch all DROP at the end of the list.  

iptables -A INPUT -j DROP
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by:projects
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# DO NOT CHANGE WITHOUT ASKING CUSTOMER!!

# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.7 on Wed Jan 15 20:57:58 2014
*nat
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [334216:25598960]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [319279:20338388]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [319279:20338388]
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Jan 15 20:57:58 2014
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.7 on Wed Jan 15 20:57:58 2014
*mangle
:PREROUTING ACCEPT [27015165:19172637819]
:INPUT ACCEPT [27014858:19172613225]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [21624194:7365342073]
:POSTROUTING ACCEPT [21624194:7365342073]
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Jan 15 20:57:58 2014
# Generated by iptables-save v1.4.7 on Wed Jan 15 20:57:58 2014
*filter
:INPUT ACCEPT [0:0]
:FORWARD ACCEPT [0:0]
:OUTPUT ACCEPT [1174:209854]
#
-A INPUT -s 14.63.212.77/32 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 14.63.170.53/32 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 107.23.208.48/32 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 107.23.240.102/32 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 112.78.8.80/32 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 112.78.197.217/32 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 146.0.73.0/24 -j DROP
-A INPUT -s 146.0.74.0/24 -j DROP
#
-A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 1.2.3.4/32 -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 1004 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 1.2.3.4/32 -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 33 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 1.2.3.4/32 -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -s 1.2.3.4/32 -p tcp -m state --state NEW -m tcp --dport 500 -j ACCEPT
#-A INPUT -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
#-A INPUT -s 23.21.230.0/24 -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-port-unreachable
#-A FORWARD -j REJECT --reject-with icmp-host-prohibited
COMMIT
# Completed on Wed Jan 15 20:57:58 2014

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The public IP was changed to 1.2.3.4 and the ports were changed also but I'll get the point once you see what is wrong. The public IP would be a remote network which is allowed to connect to various ports so it's firewall is allowed.

The port 500 item will have a very long list of allowed IPs and would likely be better with it's own section but I don't know how. The reason being that a script will be updating this port continuously to allow only certain IPs soon.
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Jan Springer earned 500 total points
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Remove the comments (#) from lines 43 and 45.
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by:projects
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That's all that was wrong? I do need to make sure that icmp is allowed because we ping this server all the time.
Also, you see my rule #42?

Could someone tell me how to make a section just for that, so that a bash script can parse the file, adding and removing allowed IPs for that service only, automatically.
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Expert Comment

by:Jan Springer
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What you're saying with those last lines are "if you aren't allowed, send an icmp prohibit message."

Your IP will still be pingable.

I can help with a script.  Is this something to be run on command?
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by:projects
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An admin had edited my rules and I don't know enough about iptables to have noticed this.
Thank you!!!

You already earned this solution so maybe a new question would be more fair.
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Database/MySQL/Q_28566400.html
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