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get rolling total in sql statement

Posted on 2014-11-19
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Last Modified: 2014-11-19
Hi, I have a query that select the current financial year and a count of users authenticated in that year, I would also like a 'rolling total', can someone explain how I would do this please?  Many thanks in advance.

	(SELECT count( D1.UserID) AS Users, FinYear
FROM ext_UserAudit AS D1
INNER JOIN Dates
ON CONVERT(VARCHAR,  D1.AuditDate, 110) = CONVERT(VARCHAR, Dates.[DATE], 110)
WHERE  D1.AuditType = 'User Authenticated'
GROUP BY FinYear)

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Gives the results:

Users      FinYear
3564      2011
23455      2012
25634      2013
27449      2014

I would like the results:

Users      FinYear    RollingTotal
3564      2011         3564
23455      2012         27019
25634      2013         52653
27449      2014         80102
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Question by:deborahhowson00
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6 Comments
 
LVL 24

Expert Comment

by:Phillip Burton
ID: 40452071
add at the end of line 1
, count( D1.UserID) OVER(ORDER BY D1.FinYear) AS RollingTotal

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Author Comment

by:deborahhowson00
ID: 40452111
Thanks for your comment, doing that gives me the following code (had to remove the D1. before FinYear):

	(SELECT count( D1.UserID) AS Users, FinYear, count( D1.UserID) OVER(ORDER BY FinYear) AS RollingTotal
FROM ext_UserAudit AS D1
INNER JOIN Dates
ON CONVERT(VARCHAR,  D1.AuditDate, 110) = CONVERT(VARCHAR, Dates.[DATE], 110)
WHERE  D1.AuditType = 'User Authenticated'
GROUP BY FinYear)

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but it runs with the following error:

Msg 8120, Level 16, State 1, Line 1
Column 'ext_UserAudit.UserID' is invalid in the select list because it is not contained in either an aggregate function or the GROUP BY clause.
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LVL 24

Accepted Solution

by:
Phillip Burton earned 2000 total points
ID: 40452123
Let's try this instead:

With myTable as 
	(SELECT count( D1.UserID) AS Users, FinYear
FROM ext_UserAudit AS D1
INNER JOIN Dates
ON CONVERT(VARCHAR,  D1.AuditDate, 110) = CONVERT(VARCHAR, Dates.[DATE], 110)
WHERE  D1.AuditType = 'User Authenticated'
GROUP BY FinYear)

Select Users, FinYear, Sum(Users) OVER(ORDER BY FinYear) AS RollingTotal
from myTable

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Author Comment

by:deborahhowson00
ID: 40452128
That's brilliant, thank you! :D
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LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40452145
I don't think that the ROLLUP it's the solution that you are looking for,
You can do a simple test that is to add the ROLLUP keyword at the end of your query to see the results by yourself:
(SELECT count( D1.UserID) AS Users, FinYear
FROM ext_UserAudit AS D1
INNER JOIN Dates
ON CONVERT(VARCHAR,  D1.AuditDate, 110) = CONVERT(VARCHAR, Dates.[DATE], 110)
WHERE  D1.AuditType = 'User Authenticated'
GROUP BY FinYear WITH ROLLUP)

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0
 
LVL 53

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40452148
Ok, just now I saw that Phillip also realized that :)
Anyway, you can still test the ROLLUP just to check the difference on the results.
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