Report all the informations about powershell script

Hi!

I come back to you for an additionnal question.

I have this script:
Get-ADUser -filter * -Searchbase 'OU=Test,DC=contoso,DC=com' | ? {$_.sAMAccountname -cmatch'[A-Z]'}  | Select sAMaccountname | Export-csv -path C:\Users\me\username.csv -NoTypeInformation

Import-Csv C:\Users\me\username.csv | foreach {
$samoriginal = $($_.samaccountname).tolower()
$samlower = $($_.samaccountname).tolower()
$samlower = $samlower + "1"
Set-ADUser -identity $_.samaccountname -samaccountname $samlower -UserPrincipalName "$($samlower)@contoso.com"
Set-ADUser -identity $samlower -samaccountname $samoriginal -UserPrincipalName "$($samoriginal)@contoso.com" 

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This script simply search in AD, every users with logon account in uppercase and convert it to lowercase.

Now, i had some errors in the execution of the script with some users.
I wanna extract a report file (csv or txt), with informations of every actions performed by the script.
In this report file i want report successful actions and report every errors.
I tried the TRY/CATCH/FINALLY. But there is no report about all errors and successful actions.

For example i want a log like that:
J.smith is now in lowercase.
R.Donald error : $errortype

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Thanks in advance.
CLR BenjaminAsked:
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Subash SundharanIT Infrastructure Architect Commented:
Here is an example of using try catch for one of your set command.. Same can be repeated for all commands and the error message can be customized as per your requirement.
Try{
$sam = $_.samaccountname
Set-ADUser -identity $sam -samaccountname $samlower -UserPrincipalName "$($samlower)@contoso.com"

#Success Message

	New-Object PSObject -Property @{
	User = $sam
	Status = "Lower Success"
	}
}Catch{

#Failed Message

	New-Object PSObject -Property @{
	User = $sam
	Status = "Lower Failed $($_.exception)"
	}
}

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To export the result to a csv file, you can pipe the result to Export-csv command. Let me know if you have any questions..
CLR BenjaminAuthor Commented:
For pipe the export, the command should be after the "Finally {" ?

Thank a lot for your help, will test it.
Subash SundharanIT Infrastructure Architect Commented:
Export-csv should be blaced out of the foreach loop..

For example..
Import-Csv C:\Users\me\username.csv | foreach {
$samoriginal = $($_.samaccountname).tolower()
$samlower = $($_.samaccountname).tolower()
$samlower = $samlower + "1"

Try{
$sam = $_.samaccountname
Set-ADUser -identity $sam -samaccountname $samlower -UserPrincipalName "$($samlower)@contoso.com"

#Success Message

	New-Object PSObject -Property @{
	User = $sam
	Status = "Lower Success"
	}
}Catch{

#Failed Message

	New-Object PSObject -Property @{
	User = $sam
	Status = "Lower Failed $($_.exception)"
	}
}

#place rest of the code inside the foreach loop here
} | Export-csv c:\report.csv -nti

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CLR BenjaminAuthor Commented:
Oh well, ok my bad, i forgot this "}"...
Still i search on google about New-Object and PSObject... I don't understand how with this code, you'll get "sucess message" part. I can understand for the "Catch{" but not for the New-Object, what does it mean exactly?
CLR BenjaminAuthor Commented:
Perfect, quick... And i always learn more about powershell.
Subash SundharanIT Infrastructure Architect Commented:
New-Object PSObject -Property @{....} is used to create a custom object. Which I used as a result object which is send to pipeline in this script.

There are many methods in PowerShell to create a custom object. You may refer following articles for details..

http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/hh750381.aspx
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff730946.aspx
CLR BenjaminAuthor Commented:
Thank you sir!
Subash SundharanIT Infrastructure Architect Commented:
You are welcome!.. :-)
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