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preg_match in PHP

Posted on 2014-11-20
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Last Modified: 2014-11-23
Any idea what this preg_match want to do ? Tks

if(!preg_match(“/^[4]{1,1}[0-9]{12,15}$/”,$value))
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Question by:AXISHK
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Accepted Solution

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Radek Baranowski earned 200 total points
ID: 40456786
http://www.autohotkey.com/docs/misc/RegEx-QuickRef.htm

it matches a string that
begins (^) with exactly one ({1,1}) "4" then is followed by 12 to 15 digits 0-9

so, the pattern like:

41234567890123

hope this helps!
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LVL 35

Assisted Solution

by:Dan Craciun
Dan Craciun earned 100 total points
ID: 40456816
I think the string was done so you can quickly change the amounts of digits at the beginning, or else {1,1} is meaningless.
As is, the pattern can be written as
^4\d{12,15}$

HTH,
Dan
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Author Comment

by:AXISHK
ID: 40456898
^4\d{12,15}$

Does it mean starting with '4", following by 12 - 15 digit number ? Tks
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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:Radek Baranowski
ID: 40456901
yes.
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Assisted Solution

by:Ray Paseur
Ray Paseur earned 200 total points
ID: 40457118
There is one other problem.  The apparent double quote wrapping the regular expression are not, in fact, quotes.  They may be something that wormed its way in from cut/paste with Microsoft word?  You may want to read this article about how PHP handles quote marks.  It's an important part of the language with many effects on the meaning of the code.
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Web_Development/Web_Languages-Standards/PHP/A_12241-Quotation-Marks-in-PHP.html

You may find that your regular expressions are easier to craft and understand if you write them like this, with comments to explain the intent of each segment of the expression:
$rgx 
= '#'           // REGEX DELIMITER (REQUIRED AT FRONT AND BACK OF EXPRESSION)
. '^'           // AT THE START OF THE STRING
. '[4]'         // CHARACTER CLASS THAT INCLUDES ONLY "4"
. '{1,1}'       // EXACTLY ONE OF THIS CHARACTER CLASS
. '[0-9]'       // CHARACTER CLASS THAT INCLUDES DIGITS 0-9
. '{12,15}'     // BETWEEN 12 AND 15 OF THE DIGITS
. '$'           // AT THE END OF THE STRING
. '#'           // REGEX DELIMITER
;

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In the instant case this looks like  the regex is intended to match certain kinds of credit card numbers.
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Author Closing Comment

by:AXISHK
ID: 40461371
Tks
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