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how to solve this below issue ?

Posted on 2014-11-24
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Last Modified: 2015-01-19
Hi Expert,
I have below query
select DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (description, 4000, 1) from test;
description  column is clob datatype.
it is showing me  below error

ORA-06502: PL/SQL: numeric or value error: character string buffer too small
ORA-06512: at line 1
06502. 00000 -  "PL/SQL: numeric or value error%s"

Regards
Thomos
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Question by:deve_thomos
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9 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:slightwv (䄆 Netminder)
ID: 40462903
I don't think the select itself will cause that error.

What else are you doing?

My guess is using the results of the select on an insert into another table.  It is likely the column you are inserting into is causing the error.

Even if it is defined as a varchar2(4000), if you are running a multibyte characterset it may not be able to handle 4000.
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 40462907
try

select DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (description, 2000, 1) from test;

or

select DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (description, 100, 1) from test;

do you get same error?
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LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:Mark Geerlings
ID: 40462914
One quick comment on English word order.  Yes, most speakers of English understand what you mean by this:
"I have below query...".  But, that is not considered correct word order in English.  Standard English word would be either:

"I have the query below:"

Or,

"I have the following query:"

Why?  The word "below" is considered an adverb in English, and we never but adverbs between "the" and a noun.  We put adverbs following the noun.  Adjectives, including: big, little, upper, lower, red, blue, etc., can be used there.

Can you explain a bit more what you are trying to do with the CLOB value?  Are you trying to get just one character from this, the character that is at position 4000?
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Author Comment

by:deve_thomos
ID: 40462917
hi slightwv,
just i am selecting the data from the test table,
i have multiple records.
it is a clob dta type, i want to restrict up to  4000 charecters
it is showing me error, can you suggest me what can i do for this.

Regards
Thomos
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 40462961
increase your buffer

SET BUFFER 10000;
your query here...
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LVL 35

Expert Comment

by:Mark Geerlings
ID: 40462962
This is not clear to me: "i want to restrict up to  4000 characters".

If you want to retrieve the first 4000 characters, I think you need syntax more like this:
select DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (description, 1, 4000) ...
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 40462963
markgeer: parameters are these:

DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (
   lob_loc     IN    CLOB   CHARACTER SET ANY_CS,
   amount      IN    INTEGER := 32767,
   offset      IN    INTEGER := 1)
RETURN VARCHAR2 CHARACTER SET lob_loc%CHARSET;

He uses correctly...
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Accepted Solution

by:
HainKurt earned 500 total points
ID: 40462969
did you try

select DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (description, 2000, 1) from test;

or

select DBMS_LOB.SUBSTR (description, 100, 1) from test;

???? 4K is max which is 2000 bytes... so you should use max 2000
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Author Closing Comment

by:deve_thomos
ID: 40558141
Thanks
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