Configure ZyWALL Firewall/Router to work with Cox CIDR and WAN IP
Posted on 2014-11-25
I have a small business network (~20 workstations and a few dozen VM-based servers) that is served by Cox Business. All machines on our LAN have private IP addresses (192.168.1.xx) although some have a 1:1 NAT mapping to static public IPs. Historically, we have paid Cox to provide us with a small number (~10) static IPs and configuring the network was a no-brainer. Having now moved to a new office however, Cox initially provided us with five (5) static IPs but has now informed us that they are taking away four (4) of the five (5) static IPs and replacing them with a CIDR block (in an entirely different subnet). I have read postings from others (both here on EE and elsewhere) who, like me , were confused as to how to configure their hardware to work with CIDR but their specific cases were slightly different than mine and they used different hardware). While I am happy that Cox has assigned me what appears to be a much larger pool of usable public addresses (29), I am unsure how to take advantage of them!
My particulars are as follows (IPs changed slightly from actuals):
Router/Firewall: ZyXEL ZyWALL 110 (part of the ZyWALL 100/200/300 family)
WAN Address: 18.104.22.168
WAN Network Mask: 255.255.255.240
WAN Gateway: 22.214.171.124
Customer Network: 126.96.36.199/27
Suggested Default Gateway: 188.8.131.52
Customer Netmask: 255.255.255.224
Usable CIDR IPs: 184.108.40.206 - 220.127.116.11
Broadcast IP: 18.104.22.168
I would like to keep all of my machines on the same private network and, where necessary, provide either 1:1 NATing or port mapping as needed.
Can someone please:
Explain the difference between my old approach (with dedicated static IPs, all in the same subnet) and the new CIDR approach with a block of IPs (in a different subnet from the assigned WAN IP).
Educate me on how best to configure my specific firewall/router to work with this new approach.
Thanks in advance for any-and-all assistance!