Union query

The following sql works without Union Select.

Question: Why it doesn't work with Union Select?

"SELECT '- all -' , 'n/a', 0 From tblCustomers cc Union SELECT" & _
                      " c.FirstName + ' ' + c.LastName AS Customer, o.OrderDate, o.OrderID" & _
                      " FROM tblCustomers c INNER JOIN tblOrders o ON c.CustomerID = o.CustomerID" & _
                      " Where o.CustomerID=IIf(" & custID & "=0, o.CustomerID, " & custID & ")")

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LVL 34
Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperAsked:
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Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Developer, Architect, and AuthorCommented:
UNION queries determine the column names from the first half of the UNION, and the above T-SQL doesn't have any.  

Try this...
"SELECT '- all -' AS Customer, 'n/a' as OrderDate, 0 as OrderID From tblCustomers cc Union SELECT" & _
" c.FirstName + ' ' + c.LastName , o.OrderDate, o.OrderID" & _
" FROM tblCustomers c INNER JOIN tblOrders o ON c.CustomerID = o.CustomerID" & _
" Where o.CustomerID=IIf(" & custID & "=0, o.CustomerID, " & custID & ")")

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Also, if OrderDate is a date column, then 'n/a' isn't going to work as that's a varchar value, so you'll have to decide what you want here.
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Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Developer, Architect, and AuthorCommented:
Easier to read
"SELECT '- all -' AS Customer, 'n/a' as OrderDate, 0 as OrderID " & _ 
"FROM tblCustomers cc " & _ 
"UNION SELECT c.FirstName + ' ' + c.LastName, o.OrderDate, o.OrderID " & _
"FROM tblCustomers c " & _
"   INNER JOIN tblOrders o ON c.CustomerID = o.CustomerID " & _
"WHERE o.CustomerID=IIf(" & custID & "=0, o.CustomerID, " & custID & ")")

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btw IIF works in SQL 2012, if you're using a version before that you'll have to use CASE.
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Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperAuthor Commented:
The problem was missing:   cast(o.OrderDate as varchar(20))

How can I prepare this cast to produce dates like 11/25/2014
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Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Developer, Architect, and AuthorCommented:
>How can I prepare this cast to produce dates like 11/25/2014
SELECT CONVERT(varchar, o.OrderDate, 101)
See PortletPaul's handy-dandy article SQL Server Date Styles (formats) using CONVERT() as a reference.
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Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperAuthor Commented:
Thank you.
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Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Developer, Architect, and AuthorCommented:
Thanks for the grade.  Good luck with your project.  -Jim
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Microsoft SQL Server 2008

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