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How to send email using vb.net?

Posted on 2014-12-02
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Last Modified: 2014-12-10
Hi,

its been a pain trying to get my application to compose an email, but i finally managed to get it working but I have a couple questions:-
1) It seems that there is some sort of character limit on the following method, if the text in the body of the email contains a lot of information then it cuts it off at the bottom?
2) I have seen examples of some people being able to change the font type, size and colour of the text - how would I use this with the following coding?


       Dim sParams As String = ""
        Dim emailto As String = "test@test.co.uk"
        Dim subject As String = "test"
        Dim body As String = ""
        Dim LineCounter As Integer = 0
        Dim Lines As String = ""
    
        body = body & "The"
        body = body & "%0A"
        body = body & "%0A" & "Body"
        body = body & "%0A"
        body = body & "%0A" & "Of"
        body = body & "%0A"
        body = body & "%0A" & "The"
        body = body & "%0A"
        body = body & "%0A" & "Email"
        body = body & "%0A"
        body = body & "%0A" & "Goes"
        body = body & "%0A"
        body = body & "%0A" & "Here"

        sParams = "mailto:" & emailto & "?subject=" & subject & "&body=" & body
        Try
            System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(sParams)
        Catch e2 As Exception
            MessageBox.Show("Unable to load email!", "Problem Sending the email", MessageBoxButtons.OK, MessageBoxIcon.Error)
        End Try

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I know there are other methods like smtp but i am happy with the above method as it composes emails in outlook which is perfect, i dont require it to send emails just compose.
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Question by:Legolas786
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8 Comments
 
LVL 25

Expert Comment

by:Shaun Kline
Comment Utility
The method you are using is analogous to using a link on a webpage to open up the email software on a user's PC and prepopulating the email with various pieces of information. Using this method, you can only use text for the components (from, to, body), which prevents defining fonts, colors and styles, and has the limitations of what can go in a web browser's address bar, which I believe is 2K of text, at least in Internet Explorer.

If you want more features, you will either need to write your code to use Outlook's APIs or use .NET's System.Net.Mail classes.
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Author Comment

by:Legolas786
Comment Utility
hi, thanks for your response, are you able to provide me a link to some code or a demo program that will set me on the right track? thanks.
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LVL 25

Expert Comment

by:Shaun Kline
Comment Utility
For using the System.Net.Mail classes, here is an example.

For using the Outlook APIs, here is an example.
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Author Comment

by:Legolas786
Comment Utility
Ok, so after some research I tried to use the following coding

Dim OutlookMessage As Outlook.MailItem
        Dim AppOutlook As New Outlook.Application

        Dim objNS As Outlook._NameSpace = AppOutlook.Session
        Dim objFolder As Outlook.MAPIFolder
        objFolder = objNS.GetDefaultFolder(Outlook.OlDefaultFolders.olFolderDrafts)

        Try
            OutlookMessage = AppOutlook.CreateItem(Outlook.OlItemType.olMailItem)
            Dim Recipents As Outlook.Recipients = OutlookMessage.Recipients
            Recipents.Add("myemail@hotmail.com")
            OutlookMessage.Subject = "Sending through Outlook"
            OutlookMessage.Body = "Testing outlook Mail"
            OutlookMessage.BodyFormat = Outlook.OlBodyFormat.olFormatHTML
            OutlookMessage.Save()

            OutlookMessage.Move(objFolder)
        Catch ex As System.Exception
            MessageBox.Show("Mail could not be sent") 'if you dont want this message, simply delete this line    
        Finally
            OutlookMessage = Nothing
            AppOutlook = Nothing
        End Try

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However I get an error of

Unable to cast COM object of type 'System.__ComObject' to interface type 'Microsoft.Office.Interop.Outlook.MailItem'. This operation failed because the QueryInterface call on the COM component for the interface with IID '{00063034-0000-0000-C000-000000000046}' failed due to the following error: No such interface supported (Exception from HRESULT: 0x80004002 (E_NOINTERFACE)).

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On the following line

OutlookMessage = AppOutlook.CreateItem(Outlook.OlItemType.olMailItem)

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I could not find much help online with this error, so I thought of another way.  Maybe I save a template from outlook of an email (.msg) and then I could use my program to open this .msg in outlook.  So I tried to use the following coding

Dim oApp As New outlook.Application
        Dim mitem As Outlook.MailItem
        mitem = oApp.CreateItemFromTemplate("C:\test\OutlookTest.msg")
        mitem.Display()

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But I get the same error which is driving me mad on line

mitem = oApp.CreateItemFromTemplate("C:\test\OutlookTest.msg")

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Would this indicate to be a problem with outlook?
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LVL 25

Expert Comment

by:Shaun Kline
Comment Utility
It does not necessarily indicate a problem with Outlook. From the code you first posted, you may need to explicitly cast the return object from AppOutlook.CreateItem to an Outlook.MailItem using CType, as shown in the link originally provided.

It also may be caused by the differences in the version of Outlook you are using as compared to the example provided. There is a comment at this link (http://support.microsoft.com/kb/313787) that Outlook 10 and Outlook 11 are referenced differently when used in .Net code.
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Accepted Solution

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Legolas786 earned 0 total points
Comment Utility
hi, I was able to reinstall office and using the following method was able to compose a new email using vb.net but using this method how would I add the to, cc, subject and body fields?  

Dim Outl As Object  
        Outl = CreateObject("Outlook.Application")  
        If Outl IsNot Nothing Then  
            Dim omsg As Object  
            omsg = Outl.CreateItem(0) '=Outlook.OlItemType.olMailItem'  
            omsg = Outl.CreateItem(0) '=Outlook.  
            omsg.Display(True) 'will display message to user  
        End If  

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LVL 25

Expert Comment

by:Shaun Kline
Comment Utility
You can use this page for reference to all of the properties of a MailItem: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/office/ff861332(v=office.15).aspx
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Author Closing Comment

by:Legolas786
Comment Utility
Found sollution myself.
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