Solved

Subtracting one time from another time

Posted on 2014-12-17
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Last Modified: 2014-12-18
I have two fields on a form.  One is "StartTime"  The other is "EndTime"  

I am trying to subtract StartTime from EndTime and get the right result.

If StartTime is 10:25 am and StopTime is 11:00 am I want to see 00:35 as the result.

In my result field I have:

=[txtStopTime]-[txtStartTime]

But I'm getting 0;45

????

--Steve
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Question by:SteveL13
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20 Comments
 
LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:Gustav Brock
Comment Utility
Try with:

=CVDate([txtStopTime])-CVDate([txtStartTime])

/gustav
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LVL 34

Expert Comment

by:PatHartman
Comment Utility
Use DateDiff() to subtract dates.
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Author Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
Hmmm.  I'm getting 0:45 instead of 0:35  (minutes)
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
How about:

=format([txtStopTime]-[txtStartTime], "hh:mm")

But what if one of those values is missing(NULL)?  In that case, this will return a NULL value.
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
Will you ever have an instance where the txtStartTime is before midnight and txtStopTime is after midnight (the next morning)?
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LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:Gustav Brock
Comment Utility
CVDate([txtStopTime])-CVDate([txtStartTime]) is the clean method and will return 0:35.
So something else is going on.

/gustav
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LVL 34

Assisted Solution

by:PatHartman
PatHartman earned 166 total points
Comment Utility
@Dale,
Minutes is "nn"
so, the expression should be:

=format([txtStopTime]-[txtStartTime], "hh:nn")
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Author Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
All suggestions have returned 0:45

??

Bot the start and end time fields are short time format.  Might this be a problem?
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
@Pat,

Yes, minutes is generally 'nn', but in this format VBA will interpret it as minutes anyway; try it.  But good point, it should be "hh:nn".
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
Then your times are not what you think they are.

Short Time simply reflects how the data is displayed.  Remove the formatting on that field to see the full data.
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Author Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
They are Date/Time, General Date fields in the table.
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
Open your table in design view, change the format of those fields (assuming they are bound controls) to nothing.  Then open the table scroll to the row with the data you are trying to view, take a screen shot, and post it here.
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Author Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
Here you go...

Start Stop Screen Shot
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
OK, now try a query.

SELECT [Load Sch Start], [Load Sch Complete]
, Format([Load Sch Complete] - [Load Sch Start], "hh:nn") as LoadTime
FROM yourTable

and display those results.
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Author Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
Here it is...

Query Result
So why is the result ok here but not on the form?

??
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LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:Dale Fye (Access MVP)
Comment Utility
Good question, which I cannot answer, unless the textboxes on the form are not actually bound to the right fields in your table.  Generally, I give the textboxes names that are identical to the name of the field, except with a prefix:

txt_Load_Sch_Start
txt_Load_Sch_Complete

You could simply modify the RecordSource of your form to a query which contains that formatted text.  The control would be blank if either [Load Sch Start] or [Load Sch Complete] was NULL, but would recalculate as each of those values was changed.
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LVL 49

Assisted Solution

by:Gustav Brock
Gustav Brock earned 167 total points
Comment Utility
> So why is the result ok here but not on the form?

Field names:

    [Load Sch Complete]
    [Load Sch Start]

are different from your original data.

Anyway, as these are bound to fields of datatype Date, you can use the expression

    =[Load Sch Complete]-[Load Sch Start]

and specify the Format property of the textbox as:

    hh:nn

 /gustav
0
 

Author Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
Now when I enter hh:nn as the format it automatically changes itself to Short Time.

And the result is still 0:45
0
 
LVL 47

Accepted Solution

by:
Dale Fye (Access MVP) earned 167 total points
Comment Utility
So, do as I recommended and change the recordsource of the form to a query which contains the computed column as defined in my previous post.
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:SteveL13
Comment Utility
Because of my own inability to provide real field names and also to even use them myself I feel I should grant awards to all who helped.  I am sorry for all the confusion.
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