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C# - Detect RSA-2048 Encryption on a File

Posted on 2014-12-18
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Last Modified: 2016-10-27
Is there a way to detect, in .NET (C#) whether a file is encrypted using RSA-2048 encryption?
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Question by:street9009
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11 Comments
 
LVL 44

Expert Comment

by:AndyAinscow
ID: 40507465
Only if you know the password - then you can successfully decrypt it.
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Author Comment

by:street9009
ID: 40507494
So there's no identifying marks or way to test without knowing the password/key?
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LVL 44

Expert Comment

by:AndyAinscow
ID: 40507513
Not that I know of.
Don't forget, anything that identifies the encryption method is already a help towards decrypting it.
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Author Comment

by:street9009
ID: 40512869
There must be some way, as there appear to be multiple tools that do this: http://security.stackexchange.com/questions/44387/scanning-for-files-than-have-been-encrypted-by-cryptolocker
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LVL 62

Expert Comment

by:gheist
ID: 40530163
Encrypted data is completely random. If it is not it means that particular encryption algorithm is broken.
RSA-2048 is not an encryption algorithm, it is something else:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSA_numbers#RSA-2048
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Author Comment

by:street9009
ID: 40531543
Okay- tomato, tomahto. The terminology I used came from the fact that these are called "encryption viruses" and use "RSA-2048" to change the content of your files.

The question remains- can it be detected in C#?
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LVL 62

Expert Comment

by:gheist
ID: 40531907
Yes, encrypted data is fully random, so all and every randomness test suites should confirm that.
http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/rng/documentation_software.html
Many tests will confirm that RAR and zopfli compression is random too, but ok, at least it will not missdetect good documents.
At least truecrypt detectors worked like that.
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Author Comment

by:street9009
ID: 40531920
I don't see how to make this work in C# though...
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LVL 44

Expert Comment

by:AndyAinscow
ID: 40531933
>>Yes, encrypted data is fully random, so all and every randomness test suites should confirm that.

I would say no you can not tell which encryption method is used unless you know the key then you can decrypt the file.  The question as I understand it isn't about is it encrypted but about is it encrypted with this stated method.
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Author Comment

by:street9009
ID: 40531942
Really either would be helpful, though yes you are correct, I was hoping to detect that specific method.
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LVL 62

Accepted Solution

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gheist earned 500 total points
ID: 40532127
I doubt there is any good RNG test in C#, so if you want to do it really in .NET you must either make your own interface to native code, or port to C#. Source files of NIST tests make like 200KB togeter - like 200 screenfuls of code in total.
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