.NET MVC (5) Localization based on URL

I have an application in .NET MVC5 with 2 supported languages, English as default. I currently use cookies to switch between languages but would like to change the application to make use of URL's for specifying the language. I have found a solution that works, but the default language, English, must currently appear in the URL  ".../en/...".

How can I make use of URL for this purpose, while having the default (English) work without a culture (language) specified in the URL? English would be the default, when no culture (language) is specified in the URL and the second language would be accessible by including the culture (language) in the URL.
lynnwalkerAsked:
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Michael FowlerSolutions ConsultantCommented:
How are you implementing the URL based language selection currently? If you are using RouteConfig have a look at this tutorial

http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/624180/Routing-Basics-in-ASP-NET-Web-API
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lynnwalkerAuthor Commented:
I am using RouteConfig, but in an MVC application, not Web API. Here is the current RouteConfig:

    public class RouteConfig
    {
        public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes)
        {
            routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}");

            routes.MapRoute(name: "DefaultWithCulture"
                           , url: "{culture}/{controller}/{action}/{id}"
                           , defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
                           , constraints: new { culture = "[a-z]{2}" }
            );

            routes.MapRoute(name: "Default"
                           , url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}"
                           , defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }
            );
        }
    }
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Michael FowlerSolutions ConsultantCommented:
In your default MapRoute set the culture you want as the default

routes.MapRoute(name: "Default"
                           , url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}"
                           , defaults: new { culture = "en", controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional }

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